Coastal Battery Gun List

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Note: This list is a work in progress, any help appreciated John

Coastal Battery Gun List
Model Type Caliber Barrel Length Weight Manufacturers Carriages Range Shells Powder Notes
3 Inch Guns
M1898 Rifle 3" 154.5" 1,782 lb Driggs-Seabury M1898 Barbette Masking Parapet Mount
M1898 MI Barbette Masking Parapet Mount
? ? ? Battery Smith
Battery Baldwin
Battery Laval
M1902 Rifle 3" 154.35" 1,950 lb Bethlehem M1902 Barbette Pedestal Mount 8,771 yds @ 15 deg 15 lb 5 lb
M1903 Rifle 3" 170" 2,690 lb Watervliet M1903 Pedestal Mount 16,300 yds @ 16 deg 15 lb 5.5 lb Battery Trevor
Battery Lodor
4.7 Inch Guns
4.72" Armstrong gun, 40 caliber Rifle 4.72" 188.8" bore 4,648 lb (barrel and breech) Armstrong (Elswick) Pedestal Mount 8,312 yd 45 lb 7.5 lb British QF 4.7-inch Gun Mark IV
4.72" Armstrong gun, 45 caliber Rifle 4.72" 212.4" bore 5,958 lb (barrel and breech) Armstrong (Elswick) Pedestal Mount 9,600 yd 45 lb 10.5 lb Non-standard British gun
4.72" Armstrong gun, 50 caliber Rifle 4.72" 236" bore 6,160 lb (barrel and breech) Armstrong (Elswick) Pedestal Mount 9,843 yd 45 lb 10.5 lb Non-standard British gun, Battery Gatewood, Fort San Felipe del Morro
5 Inch Guns
M1897 Rifle 5" 225 7,583 lb Bethlehem M1896 Balanced Pillar Mount ? ? ? Fort Barry, Battery Wagner (2)
M1900 Rifle 5" 258.5 11,120 lb Watervliet M1903 Pedestal Mount 12,918 59 lb 22.25
6 Inch Guns
M1897MI Rifle 6" 277.85" 16,216 lb Watervliet M1898 Disappearing 14,509 yds 108 lb 29.75 lb
M1900 Rifle 6" 310.4" 19,869 lb Watervliet M1900 Barbettte Pedestal
M1903 Disappearing
17,000 yds @ 20 deg 108 lb 32 lb Battery Chamberlin
M1903 Rifle 6" 302.9" 19,990 lb Watervliet M1903 Disappearing ? ? ? Battery Chamberlin
M1903A2 Rifle 6" 302.9" 20,700. lb Watervliet M1 Barbette 27,500 yds HE 90 lb
AP 105 lb
32 or 37 lb
M1905 Rifle 6" 302.9" 21,148 lb Watervliet M1905 Disappearing
M1905 MI Disappearing
M1905 MII Disappearing
11,799 @ 15 deg 108 lb 32 lb
M1905A2 Rifle 6" 302.9" 20,700 lb Watervliet M1 Barbette 27,500 yds HE 90, AP 105 lb 32 or 37 lb


M1908 Rifle 6" 267.48" 12,500 lb ? M1905 Disappearing
M1905MI Disappearing
M1905MII Disappearing
? ? ? Battery Dudley
M1908MII Rifle 6" 267.48" 12,500 lb ? M1910 Pedestal Mount 13,005 yds 108 lb 29.75 lb
6" Armstrong gun Rifle 6" 240" bore 14,784 lb Armstrong (Elswick) Pedestal Mount 10,000 yd 100 lb ? British QF 6-inch Gun Mark I, II, or III, Battery Burchsted, Fort Dade (3)
8 Inch Guns
M1888 Rifle 8" 278.5" 32,218 lb ? M1892 Barbette
M1894 Disappearing
? ? ?
M1888MI Rifle 8" 278.5" 32,218 lb Watervliet M1896 Disappearing 11,019 yds @ 15 deg 200 lb 83.5 lb
M1888MII Rifle 8" 278.5" 33,200 lb Watervliet M1896 Disappearing
M1918 Barbette
11,019 yds 323 lb 83.5 lb
MkVI-M3A2 Rifle 8" 369" 55,290 lb Naval Gun Factory M1 Barbette AP 32,000 yds
HE 35,000 yds
AP 260 lb
HE 240 lb
75 lb
108 lb
Navy Gun
Battery 405
10 Inch Guns
M1888 Rifle 10" 340" 67,183 lb ? M1893 Barbette
M1894 Disappearing
M1894MI Disappearing
M1896 Disappearing ARF
31,000 yds 510 lb 180 lb
M1888MII Rifle 10" 367.25" 67,183 lb Watervliet
Bethlehem
M1894 Disappearing
M1896 Disappearing
26,246 yds 510 lb 162 lb
M1895 Rifle 10" 369.15" 66,700 lb Watervliet M1896 Disappearing
M1901 Disappearing
? ? ?
M1900 Rifle 10" 420.6" 76,830 lb Watervliet M1901 Disappearing 14,000 yds 617 lb 182 lb Fort Casey (1), Battery Worth
12 Inch Guns
M1888 Rifle 12" 440" 117,127 lb Watervliet M1891 Gun Lift
M1892 Barbette
M1896 Disappearing
15,134 yds 1,070 lb 279 lb
M1888MI Rifle 12" 440" 117,127 lb Watervliet M1892 Barbette 15, 134 yds 1,070 lb 279 lb
M1888MII Rifle 12" 440" 117,127 lb Watervliet
Bethlehem
M1892 Barbette 15,134 yds 1,070 lb 279 lb
M1895 Rifle 12" 442.56" 115,000 lb Watervliet M1897 Disappearing
M1901 Disappearing
18,000 yds 1070 lb 279 lb
M1895MI Rifle 12" 442.56" 115,000 lb Bethlehem M1917 Barbette 26,800 yds 1070 lb 279 lb High-angle barbette carriage
M1900 Rifle 12" 480" 132,380 lb Watervliet M1901 Disappearing 17,342 yds @ 15 deg 1070 lb 334 lb ?


12 Inch Mortars
M1886
M1886M
M1886-1890MI
Mortar 12" 120" 31,920 lb Builders M1891 Spring Return Mortar 15,000 yards ? ? Fort Winfield Scott
Battery Howe (1)
Battery Wagner (1)
M1890
M1890MI
Mortar 12" 141.125" 29,120 lb Watervliet
Bethlehem
Builders
Niles
M1896 Mortar
M1896 MI Mortar
M1918 Railway Mortar
15,291 yds - 12,019 yds 700 lb - 1046 lb 65 lb Battery Alexander
M1908 Mortar 12" 120" 18,200 lb Watervliet M1908 Mortar 15,291, 12,019, 9,250 yds 700, 824, 1046 lb 65, 58.25, 48.25 lb Fort Kamehameha
Fort Andrews
M1912 Mortar 12" 180" 33,854 lb Watervliet M1896 MIII Mortar 19,319, 11,754 yds 700, 1046 lb 89, 60 lb Fort MacArthur
Battery Barlow-Saxton
14 Inch Guns
M1907MI Rifle 14" 476" 118,700 lb Watervliet M1907 Disappearing
M1907MI Disappearing
? ? ? Battery Randolph
M1909MI Rifle 14" 560" 139,210 lb Watervliet M1909 Turret Mount ? ? ?
M1910
M1910MI
Rifle 14" 560" 138,675 lb Watervliet M1907 Disappearing
M1907MI Disappearing
14 miles 1,515 lb ? Fort MacArthur Battery Osgood-Farley, Battery Leary-Merriam
M1920MII Rifle 14" 700" 192,500 lb Watervliet M1920 Railway Mount 27 miles 1,560 lb 463 Fort MacArthur
Battery Erwin


16 Inch Guns
M1895 Rifle 16" 590", 35 Calibers 284,500 lb Watervliet M1912 Disappearing 19,300 yards 2,400 lb 650 lb Fort Grant, Panama Canal Zone
M1919 Rifle 16" 800", 50 Calibers 385,600 lb Watervliet M1917 Disappearing ? 2,340 lb 850 lb Battery Davis (3)
M1919MII Rifle 16" 800", 50 Calibers 385,600 lb Watervliet M1919 Barbette 49,100 yds 2,340 lb 850 lb Battery Long, Battery Harris (2), Battery Williston (Fort Weaver, Hawaii)
M1919MIII Rifle 16" 800", 50 Calibers 385,600 lb Watervliet M1919 Barbette ? ? ? probably a further mod of the M1919MII
Mark II-M1 Rifle 16" 68' 307,185 lb Naval Gun Factory
Midvale
Bethlehem
M2,M3,M4,M5 Barbette 45,000 yds 2,240 lb 672 lb Navy Gun
Battery 131
Mark III-M1 Rifle 16" 68' 307,185 lb Naval Gun Factory
Midvale
Bethlehem
M2,M3,M4,M5 Barbette 45,000 yds 2,240 lb 672 lb Navy Gun, almost identical with Mark II


Sources: Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1
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