Battery Baldwin

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Battery Baldwin (1903-1920) - Battery Baldwin was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 3 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Winfield Scott (2), San Francisco County, California. The battery was named in S.O. 105, 9 Oct 1902, after 2nd Lt. Henry M. Baldwin, 5th U.S. Artillery, who died of wounds received at Cedar Creek, Virginia, on 19 Oct 1864 during the U.S. Civil War. Battery construction started in 1901, was completed in 1903 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 3 Dec 1903 at a cost of $ 11,119.89. Deactivated in 1920.

Battery Baldwin with the un-modified Masking Parapet mounts

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of San Francisco.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 3" M1898MI rapid fire guns mounted on M1898 Masking Parapet carriages. The Masking Parapet mount allowed the gun to drop down behind the parapet for reloading, these guns were later modified to be fixed in the firing position and that significantly improved the rate of fire.

Battery Baldwin Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 3" Rifle 154.5" M1898MI 73 Driggs-Seabury Masking Parapet, M1898,
#73, Driggs-Seabury
1903-1920 See note 1
2 3" Rifle 154.5" M1898MI 74 Driggs-Seabury Masking Parapet, M1898,
#74, Driggs-Seabury
1903-1920 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1,1 Mar 1920, 1 Sep 1923, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 70-71, 215
Note 1: Guns removed & shipped to Watervliet 4 Aug 1920, carriages scrapped 20 May 1920. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Baldwin Plan

World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Baldwin were not affected by the World War I redistribution but they were removed in the following 1920 disarmament program on 4 Aug 1920.

Current Status

Part of the Golden Gate Recreation Area (GGNRA) administered by the National Park Service. No gun or mounts in place. The Battery is buried with only top portion exposed.

Location: Fort Winfield Scott, San Francisco County, California

Maps & Images

Lat: 37.8024346 Long: -122.4651656



Visited: 22 Aug 2009

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