East Point Military Reservation

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East Point Military Reservation (1917-1962) - A World War I Coastal Military Reservation first established in 1917 by Act of Congress in Nahant, Essex County, Massachusetts. Deactivated in 1962.

East Point MR Sites 1A and 2A Fire Control Towers on old Lowell Estate
East Point MR Sites 1A and 2A Fire Control Towers in 2011
East Point MR Site 4A, Radar and Fire Control Tower next to Mifflin Estate House, the Radar Shelter is missing from the top of the tower

World War I (1917-1918)

East Point MR World War I 60" Serachlight and Crew

Part of the Harbor Defense of Boston, Massachusetts.

Authorization for the initial purchase of land for the East Point Military Reservation came by Act of Congress on 2 Jul 1917. The reservation was carved out of the East Point of Nahant on property owned by Henry Cabot Lodge, distinguished U.S. Senator from Massachusetts. By 1920, the reservation contained a searchlight position and some observation and controller positions.

East Point Military Reservation Plan 1920

World War II (1941-1945)

Additional land was bought and leased in 1942-1943 to support a number of fire control sites and two major gun batteries. Battery 104/Murphy was a fully casemated 16" gun battery, begun in 1942 and accepted for service in 1944. Battery 206 was a 6" rapid fire gun battery started in 1942 and accepted for service in late 1943 or early 1944. A temporary battery of mobile 155mm guns on Panama mounts was located on the reservation between 1924-1943. Four multi-story fire control towers were built on sites, 1A, 2A, 4A, and 5A during 1943-1944. Site 4A also housed an SCR-296 RADAR set. A large, underground, combined Plotting and Switchboard Room (PSR) was located along Swallow Cave Road behind Battery 104.

East Point Military Reservation World War II Battery (edit list)
Click on Battery links below
No. Caliber Type Mount Service Years Battery Cost Notes
Battery 104
Battery Murphy (2)
2 16" Casemated Barbette (CBC 1942-1943-1944-1948 $ 1,655,582
Battery 206 2 6" Shielded Barbette (SBC) 1942-1943-1943-1948 $ 250,000e
Battery 155 - East Point 2 155mm Mobile Panama Mount 1942-1942-1942-1943 $ 8,413
Source: CDSG
East Point MR Plan 1945
East Point MR FC Tower Site 4A drawing with Radar Shelter on Top
East Point MR FC Tower Site 2A
East Point MR Plan
East Point MR Topo Plan

Cold War (1947–1991)

Between 1952 and 1956, the reservation was the site of a 90mm Anti-Aircraft battery protecting Boston. Between 1955-1962, it was Army NIKE missile launch site B-17 L. Deactivated in 1962. Acquired by Northeastern University in 1967.

Current Status

Now on property owned by Northeastern University, Nahant, Essex County, Massachusetts.

Location: East Point, Nahant, Essex County, Massachusetts.

Maps & Images

Lat: 42.418698 Long: -70.906519


  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Boston, Massachusetts, (HDB-AN-45), 31 Jan 1945, CDSG


Visited: 9 Jun 2012

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