Battery Thompson (2)
Battery Thompson (2) (1902-1942) - Battery Thompson was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 8 inch coastal gun battery on Fort McKinley, Great Diamond Island, Cumberland County, Maine. The battery was named in G.O. 43, 4 Apr 1900, after Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Thompson, of the Massachusetts Militia, who effected the capture of Captain H. Mowett, then in command of certain British vessels in the harbor of Falmouth, and thereby averted for the time being the destruction of that town, now Portland, October, 1775. Battery construction started in 1898, was completed in 1902 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 11 Dec 1902 at a cost of $ 147,848.27. Deactivated in 1943.
Endicott Period (1890-1910)
Part of the Harbor Defense of Portland, Maine.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with three 8" M1888MII guns mounted on M1896 Disappearing carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns located on the upper level and the magazines below. Shells were moved from the magazine level to the gun loading platform by three Taylor-Raymond front loading shell hoists. No powder hoists were provided. Electrical power was furnished by the central power plant.
World War I (1917-1918)
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The three 8" guns of Battery Thompson were listed for service abroad on 18 Jul 1918 but were ordered remounted before they could be shipped.
World War II (1941-1945)
Battery Thompson was obsolete at the beginning of World War II but still a part of the Harbor Defenses of Portland plan until the battery was declared surplus 15 Dec 1942. The guns were transferred to Watervliet on 8 Jun 1943 and carriages were processed for salvage 15 Dec 1942.
Mostly private property on Great Diamond Island, Cumberland County, Maine. No period guns or mounts in place.