Battery Sedgwick

From FortWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Battery Sedgwick (1901-1942) - Battery Sedgwick was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 12 inch coastal mortar battery on Fort Greble (2), Newport County, Rhode Island. The battery was named in G.O. 43, 4 Apr 1900 after Major General John Sedgwick, U.S. Volunteers, a distinguished soldier of the Mexican-American War and the U.S. Civil War, who was killed at the Battle of Spottsylvania, 9 May 1864. Battery construction started in September 1898, was completed in November 1900 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 23 Jan 1901 at a cost of $ 140,837.27. Deactivated in 1942.

Endicott Period

Part of the Harbor Defense of Narragansett Bay.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal mortar battery with eight 12" M1890MI mortars mounted on M1896MI mortar carriages. This was a single level battery with two mortar pits each having four mortars. The magazines were located in concrete shelters adjacent to the mortar pits and under an earth covering. The mortar shells and powder were wheeled out to the loading platform on shot carts. Electrical power was furnished by an internal emplacement power plant.

Battery Sedgwick Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
A1 12" Mortar 141.125" M1890MI 55 Builders Mortar, M1896MI, #178, Lake Erie 1901-1942 See note 1
A2 12" Mortar 141.125" M1890MI 91 Watervliet Mortar, M1896MI, #176, Lake Erie 1901-1918 See note 2
A3 12" Mortar 141.125" M1890MI 68 Watervliet Mortar, M1896MI, #177, Lake Erie 1901-1942 See note 1
A4 12" Mortar 141.125" M1890MI 88 Watervliet Mortar, M1896MI, #196, Columbus 1901-1918 See note 2
B1 12" Mortar 141.125" M1890MI 97 Watervliet Mortar, M1896MI, #180, Lake Erie 1901-1942 See note 1
B2 12" Mortar 141.125" M1890MI 69 Watervliet Mortar, M1896MI, #181, Lake Erie 1901-1918 See note 2
B3 12" Mortar 141.125" M1890MI 66 Watervliet Mortar, M1896MI, #182, Lake Erie 1901-1942 See note 1
B4 12" Mortar 141.125" M1890MI 99 Watervliet Mortar, M1896MI, #179, Lake Erie 1901-1918 See note 2
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 Nov 1927, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 140-143,205
Note 1: Guns and carriages scrapped 1942. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Note 2: Mortars transferred to Morgan 4 Jun 1918, carriages scrapped. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Sedgwick Plan


World War I

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. On 3 May 1918 four mortars were ordered dismounted and prepared for shipment. The mortars were turned over to the quartermaster for shipment on 4 Jun 1918 and shipped to Morgan.

World War II

The four remaining mortars and carriages were ordered scrapped in 1942 during the first large scale scrap drive of World War II.

Current Status

Part of Dutch Island State Wildlife Management Area Park, Dutch Island, Newport County, Rhode Island. No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Dutch Island State Wildlife Management Area Park, Dutch Island, Newport County, Rhode Island.

Maps & Images

Lat: 41.505556 Long: -71.399921

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Narragansett Bay, (HDNARB-AP-45), 1 Feb 1945, CDSG

Links:

Visited: No



Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
content
Share
Google AdSense
Toolbox