Battery Sanders

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Battery Sanders (1903-1943) - Battery William Sanders was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Revere, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. The battery was named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, after Brigadier General William P. Sanders (Cullum 1751), U.S. Volunteers (captain, 6th U.S. Cavalry), who died 19 Nov 1863, of wounds received in action at Knoxville, Tennessee, 16 Nov 1863, during the U.S. Civil War. Battery construction started in 1903, was completed in 1906 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 28 Jun 1906 at a cost of $ 136,000.00. Deactivated in 1943.

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of Boston, Massachusetts.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with six 6" M1903 guns mounted on M1903 Disappearing carriages. This was a single story battery with the guns located on a raised platform and the magazines below. Shells were moved from the magazine to the gun loading platform by shot cart. No shell or powder hoists were needed or provided. Electrical power was furnished by the emplacement power plant and the Battery Ripley power plant.

This battery was administratively divided in 1906 into Battery Sanders (4 guns) and Battery Pope (2 guns). These batteries were again administratively realigned on 12 May 1909, so that each had three guns. The original emplacements 1-3 became Battery Pope, emplacements 1-3. Original emplacements 3-6 retained the Battery Sanders name but became emplacements 1-3. See Battery Pope for the disposition of that battery.


Battery Sanders Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
Original Configuration
1 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 11 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903, #62, Mansfield 1903-1917 See note 1
2 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 13 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903, #63, Mansfield 1903-1917 See note 1
3 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 14 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903, #22, Morgan 1903-1917 See note 1
4 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 47 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903, #23, Morgan 1903-1943 See note 2
5 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 57 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903, #24, Morgan 1903-1943 See note 2
6 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 59 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903, #25, Morgan 1903-1943 See note 2
Final Configuration
1 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 47 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903, #23, Morgan 1903-1943 See note 2
2 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 57 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903, #24, Morgan 1903-1943 See note 2
3 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 59 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903, #25, Morgan 1903-1943 See note 2
Source: RCB, 31 Dec 1909, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 98-99
Note 1: Emplacements assigned to Battery Pope in 1909. Guns transferred to Watervliet 28 Sep 1917, carriages ordered scrapped 26 May 1920(2) and 27 Aug 1931 (1). CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Note 2: Guns transferred to Watervliet 5 Jun 1943, carriages ordered salvaged 16 Jun 1943. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Sanders Plan


World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Sanders were not affected by the World War I redistribution or the following 1920 disarmament program.

World War II (1941-1945)

Battery Sanders was a part of the Harbor Defenses of Boston until 1943 when it was deactivated. The guns were transferred to Watervliet 5 Jun 1943 and the carriages were ordered salvaged 16 Jun 1943.

Current Status

Part of Fort Revere Park, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Fort Revere Park, Plymouth County, Massachusetts.

Maps & Images

Lat: 42.304777 Long: -70.903364

Sources:

  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, FUDS Archives Search Report, Findings, Fort Revere, Project No. D02MA021502, September 1995. Large PDF Download
  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Boston, Massachusetts, (HDB-AN-45), 31 Jan 1945, CDSG

Links:

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