Battery Pope

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Battery Pope (1906-1917) - Battery Curran Pope was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Revere, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. The battery was named in G.O. 20, 25 Jan 1906, after Colonel Curran Pope, 15th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry, who died 5 Nov 1862, of wounds received in action at Perryville, Kentucky, 8 Oct 1862, during the U.S. Civil War. Original battery construction started in 1903, was completed in 1906 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 28 Jun 1906 at a cost of $ 136,000.00. This battery was administratively formed from Battery Sanders in 1906. Deactivated in 1917.

Battery Pope Magazine
Battery Pope Gun Emplacement #1
Battery Pope Gun Emplacements 2 and 3

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of Boston, Massachusetts.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with six 6" M1903 guns mounted on M1903 Disappearing carriages. This was a single story battery with the guns located on raised platforms and the magazines on the same level. Shells were moved from the magazine level to the gun loading platform by shell carts. No shell or powder hoists were needed or provided. Electrical power was furnished by the emplacement power plant.

Battery Pope Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 11 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903, #62, Mansfield 1903-1917 See note 1
2 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 13 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903, #63, Mansfield 1903-1917 See note 1
3 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 14 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903, #22, Morgan 1903-1917 See note 1
Source: RCB, 31 Dec 1909, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 98-99
Note 1: Emplacements assigned to Battery Pope from Battery Sanders in 1909. Gunstransferred to Watervliet 28 Sep 1917, carriages ordered scrapped 26 May 1920(2) and 27 Aug 1931 (1).CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Pope Plan


World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Pope were ordered dismounted for service abroad on 24 Aug 1917. The guns were transferred to Watervliet 28 Sep 1917 and the carriages ordered scrapped 26 May 1920(2) and 27 Aug 1931 (1).

Current Status

Part of Fort Revere Park, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Fort Revere Park, Plymouth County, Massachusetts.

Maps & Images

Lat: 42.304599 Long: -70.902731

Sources:

  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, FUDS Archives Search Report, Findings, Fort Revere, Project No. D02MA021502, September 1995. Large PDF Download
  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Boston, Massachusetts, (HDB-AN-45), 31 Jan 1945, CDSG

Links:

Visited: 18 May 2012



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