Battery Madison (2)
Battery Madison (2) (1907-1917) - Battery Madison (2) was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Caswell, Brunswick County, North Carolina. The battery name was transferred from Battery Madison (1) in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904. It was named after Surgeon William T. Madison, 3rd U.S. Infantry, killed in action with Indians near Fort Howard (2), Wisconsin, 14 May 1821. Battery construction started in 1906, was completed in 1907 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 24 Apr 1907 at a cost of $ 44,972.31. Guns removed in 1917.
Endicott Period (1890-1910)
Part of the Harbor Defense of Cape Fear River.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" M1903 guns mounted on M1903 disappearing carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns mounted on the upper level and a common magazine on the lower level. No shell or powder hoists were provided. Electrical power for lighting was furnished from Battery Caswell.
World War I (1917-1918)
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The gun tubes of Battery Madison were ordered dismounted for use abroad 24 Aug 1917 and they were transferred to Watervliet 31 Dec 1917. Both these guns actually made it to France in 1918, close to the end of the war. They were returned to the U.S. in 1919 but were not returned to Battery Madison. The carriages were ordered scrapped 26 May 1920.
On the property of the North Carolina Baptist Assembly at Fort Caswell. No period guns or mounts in place.
Visited: 27 Jan 2010