Battery Kendrick

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Battery Kendrick (1903-1942) - Battery Kendrick was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 10 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Levett, Cushing's Island, Cumberland County, Maine. The battery was named in G.O. 43, 4 Apr 1900, after Professor Henry Lane Kendrick (Cullum 801), who served with distinction as an officer in the Mexican-American War, and as a professor of sciences, United States Military Academy, 1857-1880. Battery construction started in 1898, was completed in 1903 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 23 Apr 1903 at a cost of $ 118,578.20. Deactivated in 1942.

Battery Bowdoin Upper Left, Batteries Kendrick and Ferguson Lower Right, Battery Daniels Upper Right.

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of Portland, Maine.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 10" M1895 guns mounted on M1896 Disappearing carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns located on the upper level and the magazines below. Shells were originally moved from the magazine level to the gun loading platform by Hodges shell hoists but these were replaced with Taylor-Raymond shell hoists modified for the new long point shells around 1919. Type C powder hoists were provided in 1912. These carriages were provided with electric retracting motors. Electrical power was furnished by the central power plant.

Battery Kendrick Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 10" Rifle 369.15" M1895 19 Watervliet Disappearing, M1896, #67, Walker 1903-1942 See note 1
2 10" Rifle 369.15" M1895 17 Watervliet Disappearing, M1896, #68, Walker 1903-1942 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 20 May 1920, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 126-127
Note 1: Guns and carriages ordered salvaged on 15 Dec 1942. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Kendrick Plan

World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Kendrick were ordered dismounted for use abroad on 24 Aug 1917 and had been moved to the wharf for shipment. Before they could be shipped they were ordered remounted and retained.

World War II (1941-1945)

Battery Kendrick was obsolete at the beginning of the war and the guns and carriages were ordered salvaged on 15 Dec 1942.

Current Status

No period guns or mounts in place.

Location: Fort Levett, Cushing's Island, Cumberland County, Maine

Maps & Images

Lat: 43.6387 Long: -70.202095


  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Portland, Maine, (HDPB-AN-45), 11 Apr 1945, CDSG


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