Battery Hampton

From FortWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Battery Hampton (1898-1943) - Battery Hampton was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 10 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Crockett, Galveston County, Texas. The battery was named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, after BG Wade Hampton, veteran of the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. Battery construction started 22 Mar 1898, was completed in June 1899 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 25 Oct 1899 at a cost of $ 109,000.20. Survived the 1900 Galveston hurricane almost unscathed but bare on its pilings, repaired and restored it was re-transferred for use 21 Aug 1911 at a cost of $ 91,320.10. Deactivated in 1943.

Battery Hampton Remains
Battery Hampton Under Construction 1905

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of Galveston.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 10" M1895 guns mounted on M1896 disappearing carriages. Later equipped with two Taylor-Raymond back delivery shell hoists and electric motor driven retraction mechanism. Electric power furnished by two gasoline driven 25KW motor generator sets.

Battery Hampton Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 10" Rifle 369.15" M1895 2 Watervliet Disappearing, M1896, #50, Watertown 1898-1943 See note 1
2 10" Rifle 369.15" M1895 3 Watervliet Disappearing, M1896, #49, Watertown 1898-1943 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, Aug 1921, Feb 1936, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 213
Note 1: Guns and carriages scrapped 4 Feb 1943. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Hampton Plan


World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Hampton were apparently slated for overseas use because they were ordered retained and remounted as World War I drew to a close.

World War II (1941-1945)

The gun cards indicate that the guns and carriages of Battery Hampton were obsolete and slated for inclusion in first major scrap drive of World War II in late 1942. The gun cards indicate that the guns and carriages were actually scrapped 4 Feb 1943.

Current Status

Only some concrete work remains. No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Seawall Avenue, Fort Crockett, Galveston County, Texas

Maps & Images

Lat: 29.2747013 Long: -94.811824

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Galveston, (HD-G-ANN-45), 15 Mar 1944, CDSG

Links:

Visited: 12 Nov 2009



Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
content
Share
Google AdSense
Toolbox