Battery Granger

From FortWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Battery Granger (1898-1943) - Battery Granger was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 10 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Hancock (2), New Jersey. The battery was named in G.O. 43, 4 Apr 1900, after MG Gordon Granger (Cullum 1265), U.S. Volunteers, a native of New York, and a distinguished officer of the Mexican War and the U.S. Civil War. Battery construction started in 1896, was completed in 1898 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use on 22 Mar 1898 at a cost of $ 87,000. Deactivated in 1943.

Fort Hancock Battery Granger BC and Hoist Structure
Fort Hancock Battery Granger Gun Emplacement #1
Fort Hancock Battery Granger View

Endicott Period

Part of the Harbor Defense of Southern New York. Battery Granger and Battery Arrowsmith were designed to replace Battery Potter whose complexity and slow rate of fire made it obsolete. Battery Granger was to cover the seaward approaches while Battery Arrowsmith covered the bay side.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with one 10" M1888MI gun and one 10" M1888MII both mounted on M1896 disappearing carriages. this was a two story battery with the guns on the upper level and a separate magazine for each emplacement on the lower level. Each emplacement also had its own Shell Hoist and Type A powder hoist to move the ammunition from the magazine level up to the gun loading platform. The back delivery shell hoist were accepted for service 6 Jul 1905 but the powder hoists were not accepted for service until 17 Aug 1911. The shell hoist was also modified for the newer long point shells.

A concrete BC Post was added to the rear of the center traverse in 1907 and was accepted for service 20 Sep 1907 at a cost of $ 3,000.00.

Battery Granger Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 10" Rifle 367.25" M1888MII 61 Watervliet Disappearing, M1896, #19, Bethlehem 1898-1943 See note 1
2 10" Rifle 367.25" M1888MI 36 Watervliet Disappearing, M1896, #20, Bethlehem 1898-1943 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 Jul 1921, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 124-125, 207
Note 1: Guns and carriages ordered scrapped 28 Apr 1943. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Granger Plan


World War I

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The gun tubes of Battery Granger were listed for transfer for service abroad 18 Jul 1918 but were later ordered to be remounted and retained as the war drew to a close.

A concrete BC Post was added to the rear of the center traverse in 1907 and was accepted for service 20 Sep 1907 at a cost of $ 3,000.00.

World War II

The battery was declared obsolete and the guns and carriages were ordered scrapped 28 Apr 1943.

Current Status

Part of the Gateway National Recreation Area, Fort Hancock Unit. No period guns or mounts in place. Battery viewable but not open to the public.


Location: Fort Hancock, Monmouth County, New Jersey

Maps & Images

Lat: 40.4643948 Long: -74.0004972

Sources:

Links:

Visited: 14 Aug 2010



Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
content
Share
Google AdSense
Toolbox