Battery Field

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Battery Field (1901-1917) - Battery Field was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 5 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Revere, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. The battery was named in G.O. 78, 25 May 1903, after Captain George P. Field, 3rd U.S. Infantry, who was killed 21 Sep 1846, at the battle of Monterey, Mexico, during the Mexican War. Battery construction started in 1898, was completed in 1900 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 26 Jan 1901 at a cost of $ 14,050.00. Deactivated in 1917.

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of Boston, Massachusetts.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 5" M1897 guns mounted on M1896 Balanced Pillar carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns located on the upper level and the magazines below. Shells were moved from the magazine level to the gun loading platform by two Raymond hand operated shell hoists No powder hoists were provided. Electrical power was furnished by the emplacement power plant in Battery Ripley and Battery Sanders.

Battery Field Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 5" Rifle 225" M1897 23 Bethlehem Balanced Pillar, M1896, #3, Watertown 1901-1917 See note 1
2 5" Rifle 225" M1897 24 Bethlehem Balanced Pillar, M1896, #4, Watertown 1901-1917 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 May 1921, RCB, 31 Dec 1909, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 88-89
Note 1: Guns to Morgan 6 Oct 1917, carriages ordered salvaged 26 May 1920. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA

World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Field were ordered dismounted for service abroad 24 Aug 1917 and they were transferred to Morgan for modification to a mobile configuration 6 Oct 1917. Both of these guns were eventually transferred to France in August 1918 and both were returned to the U.S. in August 1919 but not to Battery Field. Battery Field was not rearmed and the remaining carriages were ordered scrapped 26 May 1920.

Battery Field Plan


Current Status

On private property, Hull, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Private property, Hull, Plymouth County, Massachusetts.

Maps & Images

Lat: 42.306354 Long: -70.90942

Sources:

  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, FUDS Archives Search Report, Findings, Fort Revere, Project No. D02MA021502, September 1995. Large PDF Download
  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Boston, Massachusetts, (HDB-AN-45), 31 Jan 1945, CDSG

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