Battery Burbeck

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Battery Burbeck (1907-1942) - Battery Burbeck was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 10 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Standish (1), Plymouth County, Massachusetts. The battery was named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, after Brevet Brigadier General Henry Burbeck, U.S. Army (colonel of artillerists U.S. Army), who served with distinction during the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812, and who died 2 Oct 1848. Battery construction started in 1901, was completed in 1907 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 19 Dec 1907 at a cost of $ 128,451.92 (one half of total combined cost of Battery Burbeck and Battery Morris). Deactivated in 1942.

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of Boston, Massachusetts.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 10" M1900 guns mounted on M1901 Disappearing carriages. This was a single story battery with the guns located on the same level as the central magazine. Shells were moved from the magazine to the gun loading platforms by shot carts. No shell or powder hoists were needed or provided. Electrical power was furnished by the power plant between Battery Burbeck and Battery Morris. Battery Burbeck and Battery Morris were built as one battery, and initially named Battery Burbeck in 1904. In 1909, the batteries were administratively separated when emplacements 3 and 4 were renamed Battery Morris in G.O. 245, 1909.

Battery Burbeck Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 10" Rifle 420" M1900 5 Watervliet Disappearing, M1901, #9, Watertown 1907-1942 See note 1
2 10" Rifle 420" M1900 6 Watervliet Disappearing, M1901, #10, Watertown 1907-1942 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 May 1921, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 128-129
Note 1: Guns and carriages ordered scrapped 4 Nov 1942. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Burbeck Plan


World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Burbeck were listed to be dismounted for service overseas but were ordered retained and remounted as the war came to a close.

World War II (1941-1945)

Battery Burbeck and Battery Morris were obsolete at the beginning of World War II and by the end of 1942 they were both deactivated. The guns and carriages were processed for salvage on 4 Nov 1942.

Current Status

No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Fort Standish (1), Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Maps & Images

Lat: 42.329259 Long: -70.927262

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Boston, Massachusetts, (HDB-AN-45), 31 Jan 1945, CDSG

Links:

Visited: No



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