Battery 235

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Battery 235 (1942-1946) - Battery 235 was a reinforced concrete, World War II 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort San Jacinto, Galveston County, Texas. Battery construction started 13 Feb 1942, was completed 4 Nov 1944 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 28 Nov 1944 at a cost of $ 310,091.31. Deactivated in 1946.

Battery 235 Exposed
Battery 235 Emplacement #2 Entrance

World War II (1941-1945)

Part of the Harbor Defense of Galveston.

Originally built as a World War II concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" M1905A2 rapid fire guns mounted on M1 Barbette carriages placed on either side of an earth covered reinforced concrete support structure.

6" Gun at Fort Columbia Originally at Fort McAndrew, Battery 281, Argentia, NL, Canada
These 6" World War II coastal gun batteries were designed to replace obsolete Endicott Period Batteries. Of the 87 planned only 45 were completed and many of those were not completed until late in the war (1944-1945).

The 6" guns fired a 105 pound armor-piercing projectile with a range of over 15 miles at a rate of up to 5 rounds per minute. The gun crews were protected by a thick shield around the gun. Only six of these guns remain in the world, two at Fort Columbia in Battery 246, two at Fort Pickens in Battery 234, and two at Fort McAndrew in Battery 282 in Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

6" Gun Crew

Battery 235 Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 6" Rifle 309.9" M1905 A2 19 Watervliet Shielded Barbette, M1,
#60, York
1942-1944-1944-1946 See note 1
2 6" Rifle 309.9" M1905 A2 29 Watervliet Shielded Barbette, M1,
#61, York
1942-1944-1944-1946 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 5 Nov 1945, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 213
Note 1: Guns transferred 10 Jan 1944, carriages transferred 9 Apr 1943. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery 235 Plan

Current Status

No period guns or mounts in place.

Location: Fort San Jacinto, Galveston County, Texas

Maps & Images

Lat: 29.3221267 Long: -94.7623426

  • Multi Maps from ACME
  • Maps from Bing
  • Maps from Google
  • Elevation: 29.32'


  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Galveston, (HD-G-ANN-45), 15 Mar 1944, CDSG


Visited: 12 Nov 2009

Battery 235 Picture Gallery

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