Battery 282

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Battery 282 (1942-1994) - Battery 282 was a reinforced concrete, World War II 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort McAndrew, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Deactivated in 1994.

Fort McAndrew, Battery 282 Gun Emplacement #2
Fort McAndrew, Battery 282 Gun Emplacement #1
Fort McAndrew, Battery 282 Gun Emplacement #1
Fort McAndrew, Battery 282 Gun Emplacement Entrance
Fort McAndrew, Battery 282 Back of Gun #2

World War II

Part of the Harbor Defense of Argentia.

Originally built as a World War II concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" M1903-A2 rapid fire guns mounted on M1 Shielded Barbette Carriages (SBC) placed on either side of an earth covered reinforced concrete support structure.


6" Gun at Fort Columbia Originally at Fort McAndrew, Battery 281, Argentia, NL, Canada
These 6" World War II coastal gun batteries were designed to replace obsolete Endicott Period Batteries. Of the 87 planned only 45 were completed and many of those were not completed until late in the war (1944-1945).

The 6" guns fired a 105 pound armor-piercing projectile with a range of over 15 miles at a rate of up to 5 rounds per minute. The gun crews were protected by a thick shield around the gun. Only six of these guns remain in the world, two at Fort Columbia in Battery 246, two at Fort Pickens in Battery 234, and two at Fort McAndrew in Battery 282 in Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

6" Gun Crew


Battery 282 Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 8 Watervliet Shielded Barbette (SBC), M1, #44, Erie 1942-1994 See note 1
2 6" Rifle 302.9" M1903 13 Watervliet Shielded Barbette (SBC), M1, #45, Erie 1942-1994 See note 1
Source: Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 98-99, 222
Note 1: CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA


Current Status

Both guns and mounts still in place in place. Pictures courtesy of Tom O'Keefe, Placentia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada..


Location: Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Maps & Images

Lat: 47.273639 Long: -53.989301

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