Battery 225

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Battery 225 (1943-1948) - Battery 225 was a reinforced concrete, World War II 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Story, Virginia. Named Battery Cramer in G.O. 63, 14 Nov 1942, after Lt. Colonel Raymond V. Cramer, CAC. Battery construction started on 8 Oct 1941, was completed 15 May 1942 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 23 Nov 1943 at a cost of $ 175,832.00. Deactivated in 1948.

World War II

Part of the Harbor Defense of Chesapeake Bay.

Originally built as a World War II concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" M1903-A2 rapid fire guns mounted on T2-M2 Shielded Barbette Carriages (SBC) placed on either side of an earth covered reinforced concrete support structure.

6" Gun at Fort Columbia Originally at Fort McAndrew, Battery 281, Argentia, NL, Canada
These 6" World War II coastal gun batteries were designed to replace obsolete Endicott Period Batteries. Of the 87 planned only 45 were completed and many of those were not completed until late in the war (1944-1945).

The 6" guns fired a 105 pound armor-piercing projectile with a range of over 15 miles at a rate of up to 5 rounds per minute. The gun crews were protected by a thick shield around the gun. Only six of these guns remain in the world, two at Fort Columbia in Battery 246, two at Fort Pickens in Battery 234, and two at Fort McAndrew in Battery 282 in Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

6" Gun Crew

Battery 225 Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 6" Rifle 310.4" M1903 18 Watervliet Shielded Barbette (SBC),
T2-M2, #2, Watertown
1943-1948 See note 1
2 6" Rifle 310.4" M1903 62 Watervliet Shielded Barbette (SBC),
T2-M2, #1, Watertown
1943-1948 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 29 May 1944, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 104-105, 210
Note 1: CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery 225 Plan

Current Status

No period guns or mounts in place.

Location: Fort Story, Virginia Beach City, Virginia

Maps & Images

Lat: 36.917981 Long: -75.9961545



Visited: 21-27 Jul 2010

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