Battery 222

From FortWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Battery 222 (1943-1947) - Battery 222 was a reinforced concrete, World War II 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Miles, Sussex County, Delaware. Named Battery Hunter in G.O. 46, 17 Sep 1942, after Colonel Charles H. Hunter, Coast Artillery Corps, US Army. Battery construction started 15 Apr 1942, was completed 29 Oct 1943 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 13 Dec 1943 at a cost of $ 150,200. Deactivated in 1947.

World War II

Part of the Harbor Defense of the Delaware.

Originally built as a World War II concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" M1903 rapid fire guns mounted on M1 Shielded Barbette Carriages (SBC) placed on either side of an earth covered reinforced concrete support structure.

Both guns were transferred from Watervliet on 19 Apr 1943 and both carriages were transferred from Wellman on 9 Apr 1943.

6" Gun at Fort Columbia Originally at Fort McAndrew, Battery 281, Argentia, NL, Canada
These 6" World War II coastal gun batteries were designed to replace obsolete Endicott Period Batteries. Of the 87 planned only 45 were completed and many of those were not completed until late in the war (1944-1945).

The 6" guns fired a 105 pound armor-piercing projectile with a range of over 15 miles at a rate of up to 5 rounds per minute. The gun crews were protected by a thick shield around the gun. Only six of these guns remain in the world, two at Fort Columbia in Battery 246, two at Fort Pickens in Battery 234, and two at Fort McAndrew in Battery 282 in Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

6" Gun Crew


Battery 222 Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 6" Rifle 310" M1903 17 Watervliet Shielded Barbette (SBC),
M1, #102, Wellman
1943-1947 See note 1
2 6" Rifle 310" M1903 32 Watervliet Shielded Barbette (SBC),
M1, #104, Wellman
1943-1947 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 May 1944, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 104-105, 208
Note 1: Guns transferred from Watervliet 19 Apr 1943, carriages transferred from Wellman 9 Apr 1943. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery 222 Plan


Current Status

No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Fort Miles, Sussex County, Delaware

Maps & Images

Lat: 38.7883077 Long: -75.0887552

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of The Delaware, (HDDEL-AN-45), 1 Jul 1945, CDSG

Links:

Visited: 3 Aug 2010



Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
content
Share
Google AdSense
Toolbox