Battery 203

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Battery 203 (1945-1948) - Battery 203 was a reinforced concrete, World War II 6 inch coastal gun battery on Peak's Island Military Reservation, Peak's Island, Cumberland County, Maine. Renamed Battery Cravens after Colonel Richard K. Cravens. Battery construction started in 1942, was completed 1944 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use in 1945. Deactivated in 1948.

Battery 203 Emplacement #1
Battery 203 Emplacement #2
Battery 203 Overbuilt with a House

World War II

Part of the Harbor Defense of Portland, Maine.

Originally built as a World War II concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" M1905-A2 rapid fire guns mounted on M1 Shielded Barbette Carriages (SBC) placed on either side of an earth covered, reinforced concrete magazine/support structure. Power was supplied by internal generators and commercial power.


6" Gun at Fort Columbia Originally at Fort McAndrew, Battery 281, Argentia, NL, Canada
These 6" World War II coastal gun batteries were designed to replace obsolete Endicott Period Batteries. Of the 87 planned only 45 were completed and many of those were not completed until late in the war (1944-1945).

The 6" guns fired a 105 pound armor-piercing projectile with a range of over 15 miles at a rate of up to 5 rounds per minute. The gun crews were protected by a thick shield around the gun. Only six of these guns remain in the world, two at Fort Columbia in Battery 246, two at Fort Pickens in Battery 234, and two at Fort McAndrew in Battery 282 in Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

6" Gun Crew


Battery 203 Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
? 6" Rifle 302.9" M1905 A2 23 Watervliet Shielded Barbette (SBC),
M1, #52, York
1945-1948 See note 1
? 6" Rifle 302.9" M1905 A2 26 Watervliet Shielded Barbette (SBC),
M1, #53, York
1945-1948 See note 1
Source: CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 104-105
Note 1: Exact assignment of guns and carriages to emplacements is not known. Gun transferred from Watervliet 25 Feb 1943, carriages transferred from York 3 Mar 1943. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA


Current Status

Private property, house built on top of the magazine/support structure, no period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Peak's Island, Cumberland County, Maine

Maps & Images

Lat: 43.661431 Long: -70.178628

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Portland, Maine, (HDPB-AN-45), 11 Apr 1945, CDSG

Links:

Visited: 24 Jun 2012



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