Battery 202

From FortWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Battery 202 (1944-1946) - Battery 202 was a reinforced concrete, World War II 6 inch coastal gun battery on Jewell Island Military Reservation, Jewell Island, Cumberland County, Maine. Battery construction was completed except for telephones, computer, TI system and minor accessories in 1944. Deactivated in 1946.

World War II

Part of the Harbor Defense of Portland, Maine.

Originally built as a World War II concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" T2-M1 rapid fire guns mounted on M3 Shielded Barbette Carriages (SBC) placed on either side of an earth covered reinforced concrete magazine and support structure. Power was supplied by internal generators and commercial power. Battery construction was completed except for telephones, computer, TI system and minor accessories in 1944. Battery deactivated in 1946.


6" Gun at Fort Columbia Originally at Fort McAndrew, Battery 281, Argentia, NL, Canada
These 6" World War II coastal gun batteries were designed to replace obsolete Endicott Period Batteries. Of the 87 planned only 45 were completed and many of those were not completed until late in the war (1944-1945).

The 6" guns fired a 105 pound armor-piercing projectile with a range of over 15 miles at a rate of up to 5 rounds per minute. The gun crews were protected by a thick shield around the gun. Only six of these guns remain in the world, two at Fort Columbia in Battery 246, two at Fort Pickens in Battery 234, and two at Fort McAndrew in Battery 282 in Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

6" Gun Crew


Battery 202 Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
? 6" Rifle 302.9" T2-M1 20 Watervliet Shielded Barbette (SBC),
M3, #8, Watertown
1944-1946 See note 1
? 6" Rifle 302.9" T2-M1 21 Watervliet Shielded Barbette (SBC),
M3, #9, Watertown
1944-1946 See note 2
Source: RCW Form 1, ?, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 104-105
Note 1: Gun transferred from Watervliet 30 Mar 1944. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Note 2: Gun transferred from Watervliet 1 Apr 1944. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Exact assignment of guns and carriages to emplacements is unknown.


Current Status

No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Jewell Island, Cumberland County, Maine

Maps & Images

Lat: 43.676115 Long: -70.098135

Sources:

  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, FUDS Archives Search Report, Findings, Jewell's Island Military Reservation , Project No. D01ME012602, September 1995. Large PDF Download
  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Portland, Maine, (HDPB-AN-45), 11 Apr 1945, CDSG

Links:

Visited: No



Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
content
Share
Google AdSense
Toolbox