Battery 155 - Salisbury Beach

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Battery 155 - Salisbury Beach (1941-1944) - Battery 155 - Salisbury Beach was a temporary, World War II, 155mm coastal gun battery on Panama mounts. Located on Salisbury Beach Military Reservation, Essex County, Massachusetts. Battery construction was completed and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use in 1942. Two guns were removed in 1943 and the two remaining guns were removed in 1944-45. Deactivated after 1945.

Panama Mount on Beach
Panama Mount Just Off the Beach

World War II

Part of the Harbor Defense of Portsmouth, New Hampshire.

Originally built as a temporary World War II coastal gun battery with four 155mm M1918MI rapid fire guns mounted on M1918A1 Mobile Carriages emplaced on circular Panama mounts. Two guns were removed in 1943 and the two remaining guns were removed in 1944-45. Deactivated circa 1944.

155mm M1918 Gun at Fort Morgan
Panama Mount at Fort Pickens


Battery 155 - Salisbury Beach Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
? 155mm Rifle 240" M1918MI 818 Minneapolis Mobile, M1918A1, #474, Minneapolis 1942-1944 See note 1
? 155mm Rifle 240" M1918MI 220 Minneapolis Mobile, M1918A1, #729, Minneapolis 1942-1944 See note 1
? 155mm Rifle 240" M1918MI 953 Minneapolis Mobile, M1918A1, #412, Minneapolis 1942-1943 See note 1
? 155mm Rifle 240" M1918MI 1069 Minneapolis Mobile, M1918A1, #79, Minneapolis 1942-1943 See note 1
Source: CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 190-191
Note 1: Exact assignment of guns and carriages to emplacements is not known.
Battery 155 - Salisbury Beach Military Reservation Plan circa 1944


Current Status

Part of Salisbury Beach State Reservation, Essex County, Massachusetts. No period guns or mounts in place but one or two of the Panama mounts may be partially visible.


Location: Salisbury Beach State Reservation, Essex County, Massachusetts. Map point is approximate.

Maps & Images

Lat: 42.828595 Long: -70.814261

Sources:

  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, FUDS Archives Search Report, Findings, Salisbury Beach Military Reservation, Project No. D01MA051701, September 1995. Large PDF Download
  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project, Harbor Defenses of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, (CCA-P-PCC), 1945, CDSG

Links:

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