Battery 155 - Sabine Pass

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Battery 155 - Sabine Pass (1942-1944) - Battery 155 - Sabine Pass was a temporary, World War II, 155mm coastal gun battery on Panama mounts. Located on Sabine Pass Military Reservation, Jefferson County, Texas. Battery construction started 9 Nov 1942, was completed 30 Dec 1942 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 11 Nov 1943 at a cost of $ 44,798.40. Deactivated on 1 Jul 1944.

Battery 155 - Sabine Pass Panama Mount #2 on the Remains of the Shell Mound
Battery 155 - Sabine Pass Panama Mount #2 Central Pivot
Battery 155 - Sabine Pass Panama Mount #2

World War II

Part of the Temporary Harbor Defense of Sabine Pass, Texas.

Originally built as a temporary World War II coastal gun battery with two 155mm M1918 rapid fire guns mounted on M1917 Mobile Carriages emplaced on circular Panama mounts. The 155mm guns replaced a temporary 105mm howitzer field artillery battery. The two Panama mounts were placed on 13' mounds that were stabilized with gunite. Ramps were provided to allow positioning of the guns on the Panama mounts.

The Temporary Harbor Defense of Sabine Pass was deactivated on 1 Jul 1944 and on 5 Jul 1944 the guns were removed. The troops departed on 8 Jul 1944 for Fort Crockett.

155mm M1918 Gun at Fort Morgan
Panama Mount at Fort Pickens


Battery 155 - Sabine Pass Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 155mm Rifle 240" M1918MI 909 ? Mobile, M1917, #1178, ? 1942-1944
2 155mm Rifle 240" M1918MI 918 ? Mobile, M1917, #1183, ? 1942-1944
Source: RCW Form 1, Jan 1945, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 190-191
Battery 155 - Sabine Pass Plan


Current Status

Part of Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge. No period guns or mounts in place. One concrete Panama mount is exposed. The concrete magazines are located back at the Sabine Pass Battleground State Historical Park.


Location: Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge, Jefferson County, Texas

Maps & Images

Lat: 29.7323201 Long: -93.8739279

Sources:

  • Gaines, William, Temporary Harbor Defenses in the Southern Defense Command: 1942-1944, The Coast Defense Journal, Vol 16 Issue 1, February 2002, page 4-38

Links:

Visited: 12 Apr 2013



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