Battery 134

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Battery 134 (1944-NC) - Battery 134 was a reinforced concrete, World War II 16 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Emory, San Diego County, California. The battery was unofficially named Battery Gatchell, in honor of Brigadier General George Washington Gatchell, the Commanding Officer of San Diego Artillery District from 1907 to 1910. Battery construction started on 27 Mar 1943, was completed on 21 Feb 1944 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 11 Nov 1944 at a cost of $ 1,044,907.29. This battery was completed and transferred unfinished in a curtailed status. Never completed and never armed.

Battery 134, Emplacement #2
Battery 134, Emplacement #1
Battery 134 from the Imperial Beach Pier

World War II (1941-1945)

Part of the Harbor Defense of San Diego.
Battery 134 PSR Entrance

Originally built as a World War II reinforced concrete coastal gun battery with two Casemated 16" guns mounted on Barbette (CBC) carriages. This was a single story battery with the casemated guns located between and on the same level as a central magazine. Shells were moved from the central magazine through connecting corridors to the gun loading platform by overhead rail system. Electrical power was to be furnished by an emplacement power plant and commercial power.

A separate reinforced concrete Plotting and Switchboard Room (PSR) was located to the rear of the battery. The PSR was transferred for service on 25 Apr 1944 at a cost of $ 121,348.15. The PSR, the casemated guns and the connecting central magazine were all earth covered and camouflaged.



Battery 134 Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 16" Rifle ?" Unk ? Unk Casemated Barbette (CBC),
Unk, # ?, Unk
Not armed See note 1
2 16" Rifle ?" Unk ? Unk Casemated Barbette (CBC),
Unk, # ?, Unk
Not armed See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 7 Dec 1944, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 176-177
Note 1: No guns or carriages designated or supplied. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery 134 Plan


Battery 134 Plotting and Spotting Room Plan


Current Status

Active military installation, no public access. Battery 134 structures remain (battery and psr) but are repurposed by the Navy, no period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Fort Emory, San Diego County, California

Maps & Images

Lat: 32.601776 Long: -117.129721

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of San Diego, (HDSD-AN-45), 1 Jul 1945, CDSG

SDSU SOAP: Fort Guijarros Museum Foundation Newsletter Vol 1, #1, Page 4, http://soap.sdsu.edu/FortGuijarros/1987FGVol1No1/FortGuijarrosVol1No1-1987.pdf User:Ken Glaze

Links:

Visited: 3 Oct 2014

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