ToDo - Bill Thayer
Systematic check of Cullum
A systematic check of Cullum, starting with Cullum 1. Last one checked: Cullum 139, 3 Jan 17.
Groups of forts
- 17c and early 18c French forts in the valley of the Upper Mississippi: Fort PERROT (1683), Fort L'HUILLIER (1700), Fort BEAUHARNAIS (1727; also spelled BEAUHARNOIS). See "Early French Forts and Footprints of the Valley of the Upper Mississippi", United States Service Magazine, I:356‑362 (1864). An unnamed fort is also mentioned in that article as having been established in 1695 (p359).
- Samuel Cole Williams's History of the Lost State of Franklin, the following are all part of an inland chain of forts down along the mountains:
- "Besides this fort for the protection of this immediate section, three other forts were built among the Allegheny Mountains — LONG ISLAND Fort, on the north bank of the Holston River, by Col. Bird of Virginia; Fort DOBBS, under the shadow of the Alleghenys, by North Carolina; and Fort CHISSEL, on New River in Virginia, by Virginians." ▸▸ CHISSEL is a misspelling, or an alternate spelling, of CHISWELL, under which name (Fort Chiswell) a community exists tracing its origin to a 1758 fort.
Other Forts (and Arsenals)
|Deshler's Fort||PA||1||A fortified house rather than a fort strictly speaking, but referred to as such in many sources, including at least one on my own site. A solid account is given in Report of the Commission to Locate the Site of the Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania, as transcribed on this USGenWeb page.|
|Eaton's Fort||TN||1776||1||Not completely sure it was a fort, but at least it was something like one, and a battle was fought there in 1776, mentioned just once on my site, and in passing. See , , etc.|
|Fort Bedford (2)||ND||1891-1892||3||(Cullum 2252) • (Cullum 2454) • (Cullum 2758).|
|Fort Caillou||LA?||1861||2||Confederate (or Confederate-occupied), one of a group of forts evacuated by the Confederacy, mentioned by Kendall in Chapter 15 and Chapter 16.|
|Fort Caldwell||KS||1885||1||(Cullum 2535). Sparse references online, but including in printed books.|
|Fort Columbus (2)||KY or IL||1||Freeman writes: "The newspapers that Lee read on his arrival in Richmond contained the gloomy intelligence that Fort Columbus, the advanced Confederate position on the Mississippi, thirty miles south of the confluence of the Ohio, had been abandoned by (Lee's) old West Point friend, Leonidas Polk"|
|Fort Des Prairies||???||???||1||Wade's Mackenzie of Canada.|
|Fort Gelaspy||IA||1805||1||On my site: . Probably a Frenchified spelling of Gillespie or Gillaspie. There is some doubt as to whether Pike actually saw this fort, see |
|Fort Graham (2)||NC||1||In (Cullum 1994) — occurring just before he was posted to another fort in North Carolina, so not likely to be a mistake for the fort in Texas. Poking around online for it, I couldn't find much — except a "GRAHAM's Fort" in North Carolina, which I don't think is it (Revolutionary War), but it's not on FW either, so I'll add it to the pot as well: see this page at NCMarkers.Com.|
|Fort Harrison (6)||NB||1896-1898||1||(Cullum 3432)|
|Fort Hatteras||NC||1861-1862||1||(Cullum 902)|
|Fort Henry (10)||TN||1793||1||Not the same as Fort Henry (5); this one is mentioned by John Sevier in his diary in 1793, as follows (in toto): "Camp Henry, Fort 24 October 1793."|
|Fort Holt||KY||1862||1||("organizing the defenses of the Mississippi River" in 1862) — but it's Cullum writing his own entry (Cullum 709), so it's gotta be right.|
|Fort Horseshoe||???||???||1||Wade's Mackenzie of Canada.|
|Fort Howard (4)||NM||1||Cullum, (Cullum 789). See also possibly Camp Howard (IT), below under Camps.|
|Fort Howard (5)||ID||1879||1||(Cullum 2074), date 1879. North American Forts calls it a Camp: actually has 3 of them all in Idaho.|
|Fort Jonquière||???||???||1||Wade's Mackenzie of Canada.|
|Fort Kearny (6)||NM or AZ||1859||1||(Cullum 917)|
|Fort Lacorne||???||???||1||Wade's Mackenzie of Canada.|
|Fort Lexington||MO||1861+||1||a Federal fort captured by the Confederates in 1861 or maybe 1862, called an important victory. Appears on my site once so far, (Cullum 2086), year 1866, characterized as "Ft. Lexington, Missouri River"|
|Fort Matilda||ON||1813||1||in (Cullum 79)|
|Fort McIntosh (3)||PA||1778||1||Thwaites annotates a passage of Chapter 9 of Cuming's Tour to the West, referring to Beaver, PA, as follows: "The present town of Beaver was laid out in 1792, and eight years later made the county town for the newly-erected Beaver County. Fort McIntosh was a Revolutionary post erected (1778) by General Lachlin McIntosh, who had been chosen to succeed General Hand at Fort Pitt. It was the first military post in the Indian territory beyond the Allegheny and Ohio rivers. An important Indian treaty was held at this place in 1784; but four years later the fort was demolished, the erection of lower posts on the Ohio having rendered it superfluous."|
|Fort Rocky Mountain||???||???||1||Wade's Mackenzie of Canada.|
|Fort St. Joseph (1)||LA||1700's||2||There were two Fort St. Joseph near each other, this one at Pointe Coupée, and one elsewhere: see LHQ Vol. I No. 4 p314.|
|Fort St. Joseph (2)||LA||1700's||1||There were two Fort St. Joseph near each other, this one; and the other at Pointe Coupée: see LHQ Vol. I No. 4 p314.|
|Fort Stephenson (2)||IA?||1800s||2||early 19c. Mentioned in at least 2 onsite books on Iowa history.|
|Fort Unalaska||?||1700s||2||Two very incidental bare mentions in Wade's Mackenzie of Canada.|
|Fort Vauligny||???||1700s||1||Mentioned in passing in Wade's Mackenzie of Canada.|
|Fort Waco||TX||1870||1||(Cullum 1845).|
|Fort Wade (2)||VA||1861-1865||2||Vol. 4, Ch. 26, he is made to point to the nearby ramparts of Fort Wade in talking with someone after the war, somewhere near Manassas. During the war itself, Freeman has him pointing to it too:Vol. 2, Ch. 24.|
|Ish's Fort||???||???||1||John Sevier's Journal, 24 Oct 1793.|
|Lafleur's Fort||???||???||1||Wade's Mackenzie of Canada.|
|Mission Santa Catalina||GA?||1670||1||NPS booklet on Castillo San Marcos: "In 1670, a vessel bound for Charleston, mistakenly put in at Santa Catalina Mission, the Spanish post near the Savannah River…"|
|Nashville Ordnance Depot||TN||1865||1||Temporary depot, according to this webpage out there, discontinued sometime after 1865. (Cullum 2008) was its commander June 30, 1865, to May 26, 1866.|
|Omaha Ordnance Depot||NB||1872-1895||3||in (Cullum 2035) • (Cullum 2372) • (Cullum 2942)|
|Queen's Fort (3)||RI||1||Not the one you have, but a ruin near Wickford, RI. The barest remnants, but it's still a fort, and of some historical interest: I even have a photograph of bits of it onsite, such as it is: George Ellis & John Morris, King Philip's War • Chapter 9|
|Ralston Fort||PA||1||also called BROWN'S FORT. A solid account is given in Report of the Commission to Locate the Site of the Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania, as transcribed on this USGenWeb page.
- Fort NASSAU, at least three of them, established by the Dutch:
- One on Manhattan (HAHR 4:601)
- another on the Delaware River (PHMB 33:4; Fiske, The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America, Chapter 5, pp129 ff. (Beaver Road Fort); action by the English, Fiske, Chapter 6, p141; Fiske, Chapter 8, p207; Mace's Stories of Heroism, Ch. 8)
- another at Albany (Fiske, The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America, Chapter 4, p92; Fiske, Chapter 10, p28)
- An unnamed "Mormon arsenal" is mentioned as having existed at Nauvoo, IL ("Icaria and the Icarians", The Palimpsest 2:99).
Groups of Camps
- Temporary CONFEDERATE camps in New Orleans, 1861: "Towards the close of April a camp was established at Metairie Ridge. It was first known as Camp Metairie, but subsequently this name was changed to Camp Walker. It accommodated about 4,000 men. Later, it proved unhealthful, and was ultimately abandoned. Another camp was opened in what is now called Audubon Park. This was named Camp Lewis, in honor of the gallant old soldier, John L. Lewis." (Kendall's History of New Orleans, Vol. I, p240)
- SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR camps, per Ganoe, pp375‑376, note: "During the war, camps were established for military purposes at Tampa, Fla.; Mobile, Ala.; Camp George H. Thomas, Ga.; Camp Alger, Va.; Camp Poland, Knoxville, Tenn.; Jacksonville, Fla.; Miami, Fla.; Fernandina, Fla.; Camp Wikoff, N. Y.; Camp Hamilton, near Lexington, Ky.; Camp George G. Meade, Pa.; Camp Wheeler, Huntsville, Ala.; and Camp Shipp, Anniston, Ala." I boldfaced Camp Thomas because it's by far and away the one most often mentioned, the main staging ground for the Spanish-American War.
|Camp Atterbury||IN||1944||1||(Cullum 13460).|
|Camp Audenried||??||1880||1||(Cullum 2857).|
|Camp Augur (2)||NB||1867||1||Not the same as Camp Augur (WY); in (Cullum 1842) it's tenanted as early as March, 1867, well before the WY camp was established.|
|Camp Bacon||MN||1899||3||(Cullum 2252) • (Cullum 3429) • (Cullum 3903); see USGenNet on Spanish-American War Camps.|
|Camp Barrett||CA||1898||1||(Cullum 2738)|
|Camp Bingham||NB||1870||2||(Cullum 2247) • (Cullum 2300)|
|Camp Blake||TX||1854||3||(Cullum 968) • (Cullum 1448) • (Cullum 1615).|
|Camp Blanding||FL||1942||2||(Cullum 5176) • (Cullum 10246).|
|Camp Bowie (3)||TX||1945||1||In 1945: (Cullum 5227). The date is long after the deactivation date given in Camp Bowie (2).|
|Camp Breckinridge||KY||1943||1||(Cullum 13153). I don't think this is the Fort Breckinridge in KY from back in the Civil War.|
|Camp Buford||DC||1863||2||(Cullum 1955) • (Cullum 2016).|
|Camp Butler||IL||1862||2||Civil War training camp (Cullum 1929) and prison camp for Confederates in "Chicago's Camp Douglas, 1861‑1865" — (J. Ill. S. H. S. 53:37‑63); in both, stated to be "near Springfield, Ill."|
|Camp Butner||NC||1943-1944||1||(Cullum 6907).|
|Camp Calabaza||NM||1860||1||(Cullum 1750).|
|Camp Canby||NB||1873||1||(Cullum 3186).|
|Camp Chase||OH||1861||2||(Cullum 640) • (Cullum 899), apparently a Camp of Instruction for Ohio Volunteers?|
|Camp Claiborne||LA||1941‑1943||3||(Cullum 5356) • (Cullum 6347) • (Cullum 9591).|
|Camp Clark (1)||NB||1871||2||(Cullum 2247) • (Cullum 2288).|
|Camp Clark (2)||MO||1917||1||(Cullum 2858).|
|Camp Cook (5)||MT||1866, 1881||2||(Cullum 2106) • (Cullum 2676).|
|Camp Cotton||TX||1914||1||"El Paso, Tex." in (Cullum 2916).|
|Camp Courchesne||TX||1918||1||"El Paso, Tex." in (Cullum 5337).|
|Camp Custer (3)||NV||1876||1||(Cullum 1660). But this is probably a mistake for NB since the guy is nowhere near Nevada and his next post is in NB.|
|Camp Custer (4)||NB||1876||4||(Cullum 2256) • (Cullum 2498) • (Cullum 2527) • (Cullum 2569).|
|Camp Custer (5)||IL?||1921||1||(Cullum 3904). Not clear where exactly, but the man is stationed at Fort Sheridan (2) and seems to shuttle back and forth between the two.|
|Camp Dalton||MA||1898||1||(Cullum 2563): looks like a temporary camp for mustering in Massachusetts State Volunteers for the Spanish-American War.|
|Camp Datil||NM||1884-1886||1||(Cullum 2954): see The Place Names of New Mexico.|
|Camp Davis (2)||MD||1864||1||(Cullum 1875).|
|Camp Dennison||OH||1862‑1888||6||(Cullum 640) • (Cullum 915) • (Cullum 1201) (who is the outlier in 1862) • (Cullum 1584) • "The Northern Railroads, April, 1861" • AOG obituary of Joshua Bates • "Chicago's Camp Douglas". Sometimes spelled "Denison".|
|Camp Devin (2)||WY||1878||2||(Cullum 2297) • (Cullum 2707).|
|Camp Dick Robinson||KY||1863||1||(Cullum 1986); also in FW's own entry, George H. Thomas. No doubt a Civil War training camp.|
|Camp Drywood Creek||KS||1872‑1873||1||(Cullum 2384); but I also find a trace of it on p246 in House Docs, 42d Congress, 3d Session (1872‑73) — at GoogleBooks — a Post Surgeon being stationed there.|
|Camp Douglas (3)||WI||1914||1||(Cullum 2792).|
|Camp Elkins||WY||1891||1||(Cullum 2662).|
|Camp El Pico||TX||1855||1||(Cullum 1484).|
|Camp Emmet Crawford||WY||1908||2||(Cullum 2798) and (Cullum 2920): one of those called a Camp of Instruction.|
|Camp Emmet Crawford||IA||1908||1||(Cullum 2371): I have a suspicion this is a mistake in Cullum, and that it should be WY.|
|Camp Forrest (2)||GA||1918||2||(Cullum 2787) which has "Camp Forrest, Chickamauga Park, Ga." in 1918 • (Cullum 4754) • (Cullum 5404).|
|Camp Gardiner||TX||1854||1||(Cullum 1576).|
|Camp George Crook||NB||1889||2||Maybe temporary? Mentioned in Ganoe, "field maneuvers of the Twenty-first Infantry at Camp George Crook near Fort Robinson, Nebraska" (1889); but also in (Cullum 2812) (7th Infantry, same year).|
|Camp Glenn||NC||1911-1918||1||Conversion to a Naval Air Station shortly after that is discussed in Paine's 'First Yale Unit'; some details given in North Carolina Highway Historical Marker.|
|Camp Grant (6)||NY||1885||1||(Cullum 2180): "Camp Grant, Riverside Park, New York city".|
|Camp Greble||PA||1866‑1869||3||Civil War camp (Union): (Cullum 1657) • (Cullum 1888) • (Cullum 1916).|
|Camp Gruber||OK||1943||1||(Cullum 13460).|
|Camp Harkins||IT||1836||2||(Cullum 700) • (Cullum 282).|
|Camp on Hat Creek||MT||1874‑1877||1||(Cullum 2430).|
|Camp Haven||CT||1898||1||(Cullum 2498).|
|Camp Hayes (2)||OH||1917‑1945||1||Apparently a processing center in World War I and II; (Cullum 3260), where the year is 1925.|
|Camp Hayes (3)||VA||1862||0||Temporary Civil War camp, see Ch. 17 of this bio of Rutherford Hayes: "Saturday, January 4, 1862. -- Major Comly calls his camp at Raleigh — notice: Raleigh, VA, not NC! — 'Camp Hayes.' "|
|Camp Henry||TN||1793||1||Not the Civil War Fort; mentioned by John Sevier in his diary, Oct. 24, 1793.|
|Camp Hentig||AZ||1882||1||Said to be a transient camp site, never anything official (North American Forts), but (Cullum 2783)|
|Camp Hoffman (2)||KS||1867||1||(Cullum 2152), characterized as "on the Republican River". Pour mémoire, there's a slot already prepared for a different one, Camp Hoffman (MD), in Fort Lincoln (4).|
|Camp Hoskins||IT||1836||1||(Cullum 777) Might this be a mistake for Camp Harkins??|
|Camp Ives||TX||1859||1||(Cullum 1726).|
|Camp Kellogg||ID||1899||1||(Cullum 3140). Also, Camp Wardner Kellogg. There does seem to have been a military camp by that name: a websearch turns up congressional testimony; see also this interesting page.|
|Camp Kirkwood||IA||1861||1||(Cullum 1610).|
|Camp Las Laxas||TX||1854||1||(Cullum 1387).|
|Camp Laurel||MD||1918||1||(Cullum 4754) — an engineer who commanded it briefly.|
|Camp Leach||DC||1918||2||(Cullum 2760) • (Cullum 4763); described as a sub-post of Washington Barracks: prolly a World War I temporary camp.|
|Camp Lee (5)||VA||1861‑1865||2||"located at the fair grounds on the present site of the Broad Street Terminal": Confederate recruiting camp thruout the War of Secession, mentioned twice so far on my site (1861 • 1864) "For the later history of Camp Lee . . . see 26 S. H. S. P, 241‑45."|
|Camp Limestone Creek||KS||1872‑1873||2||(Cullum 2362) • (Cullum 2384); but I also find a trace of it on p231 of the Official Register of the United States, 1871 — at GoogleBooks — an Assistant Surgeon being posted there.|
|Camp Livingston||LA||1942||2||(Cullum 4799) • (Cullum 5356).|
|Camp Lodor||MT||1879||1||(Cullum 2604).|
|Camp Mackall||NC||1943‑1944||1||An artilleryman (Cullum 10246) posted there.|
|Camp Mackenzie||GA||1898||6||(Cullum 2278) • (Cullum 2837) • (Cullum 2856) • (Cullum 2924): at Augusta. I suspect that this camp underlies many mentions of just plain "Augusta, Ga." in post assignments in Cullum. In (Cullum 3719), spelled "McKenzie". See some slight details, but of interest, in ["Augusta" in the New Georgia Encyclopedia].|
|Camp Mahoney||WY||1873||1||(Cullum 2457).|
|Camp on Marias River||MT||1871‑1878||7||(Cullum 1986) • (Cullum 2018) • (Cullum 2088) • (Cullum 2409) • (Cullum 2434) • (Cullum 2618) all in 1878 and called "Camp"; (Cullum 2245) in 1871, not called "Camp".|
|Camp Marion||SC||1898||1||(Cullum 2498). Seems to be a (temporary?) Spanish-American War camp.|
|Camp Marshall||SC||1863||1||(Cullum 1833). One of the umpteen temporary Civil War stations I guess.|
|Camp McAllen||TX||1919||1||(Cullum 4381) who commanded it; right next to the Mexican border, I think.|
|Camp McKeon||WI Terr.?||1840||1||Mentioned by Ganoe (History of the United States Army, p187) as the staging point for the campaign against the Winnebago Indians.|
|Camp McRae||TN||1863||2||(Cullum 1960) • (Cullum 1993), "near Memphis, Ten."|
|Camp on Medicine Bow Creek||MT||1883||2||(Cullum 2530) and probably (Cullum 2413) which has "Medicine Bow, Wy." Probably the same as next item.|
|Camp Medicine Butte||MT||1886-1887||1||(Cullum 2906). Probably the same as preceding item.|
|Camp Mercedes||TX||1920||1||(Cullum 4381). Some info on this page.|
|Camp Murray||UT||1885||2||(Cullum 2583) • (Cullum 2703).|
|Camp Myer's Spring||TX||1884||1||(Cullum 2771).|
|Camp Nevin||KY||1861||2||(Cullum 1235) • (Cullum 1734). Seems to have been very temporary, maybe only two months at the end of 1861.|
|Camp Osborne||ID||1859||2||(Cullum 2963) • (Cullum 2439) has "Osborn", but I think that's a mistake. ▸ Interesting resource: 1900 census of all the soldiers at the post.|
|Camp Osgood||WA||1859||1||(Cullum 1440).|
|Camp Page||TX||1847||1||(Cullum 1252), in connection with the Mexican War.|
|Camp Parapet||LA||1862||1||(Cullum 865), Union camp near New Orleans.|
|Camp Parole||MD||1861||1||A Union post during the War of Secession. On my site, p275 of Norris's history of Annapolis, and offsite at North American Forts with dates and a further link to a MD roadside marker. It's connected to Camp Richmond also near Annapolis, which doesn't have a page on FortWiki (not Fort Richmond).|
|Camp Pattison||OH||1906||1||(Cullum 2887). A maneuver, training, or other temporary camp.|
|Camp Perry||OH||1909‑1913||14||Ganoe p436, speaking of the training of National Guard to uniform national standards: "In rifle practice 43 militia teams attended the national match at Camp Perry, Ohio. Also (Cullum 2397) • (Cullum 2478) • (Cullum 2526) • (Cullum 2591) • (Cullum 2625) • (Cullum 2684) • (Cullum 2736) • (Cullum 2852) • (Cullum 3041) • (Cullum 3433) • (Cullum 4477) • (Cullum 4605) • (Cullum 4848) • (Cullum 6053) • AOG obituary of Guy William McClelland. Seems to have been a seasonal camp used only for rifle competitions.|
|Camp Phoenix (2)||LA||1831||1||(Cullum 463).|
|Camp Porter||MT||1880‑1881||2||(Cullum 2574) • (Cullum 2906).|
|Camp Phoenix (2)||LA||1831||1||(Cullum 463).|
|Camp Quapaw||IT||1831||1||(Cullum 2539).|
|Camp Rains||DT||1878||1||(Cullum 2688).|
|Camp Ramsey||MN||1898||1||(Cullum 2924). May have been just a temporary mustering camp during the Spanish-American War.|
|Camp Randall||WI||1865||2||During the War between the States, a training and mustering-out camp. (Cullum 1207) • (Cullum 643). Wickedpedia has a page.|
|Camp Rice (2)||AZ||1882||1||(Cullum 2709).|
|Camp Ricketts||TX||1852||1||(Cullum 1345) (that's Gen. A.P. Hill): "Camp Ricketts (Edinburg), Tex., 1852".|
|Camp on Rio la Plata||CO||1880-1881||2||(Cullum 2500) • (Cullum 2538). Also called "Cantonment".|
|Camp Rockingham||TX||1917||1||(Cullum 5337); at Salem, NH.|
|Camp Rodgers||FL||1898||0||In or near Tampa. This seems to be the name of the main embarkation camp for the Spanish-American War. Some details at GoogleBooks, incl. a citation to source material in the Artillery Journal.|
|Camp Roosevelt||??||1906||1||(Cullum 2970).|
|Camp Rosario||TX||1859||1||(Cullum 1726).|
|Camp Sargent||NB||1867||2||(Cullum 1387) • (Cullum 2070).|
|Camp Schofield||IT||1889||4||(Cullum 1842) • (Cullum 2280) • (Cullum 2599) • (Cullum 2985).|
|Camp Sequoia||CA||1910||1||(Cullum 3140).|
|Camp Sheridan (2)||TX||1866||4||"near San Antonio"; (Cullum 1919)• (Cullum 2153) • (Cullum 2154) • (Cullum 2155).|
|Camp Sibert (1)||AL||1865||0||Was apparently a chemical warfare post; see this interesting US Army Corps of Engineers PDF document.|
|Camp on Snake River||WY||1880‑1883||8||(Cullum 2407) • (Cullum 2430) • (Cullum 2435) • (Cullum 2581) • (Cullum 2637) • (Cullum 2677) • (Cullum 2787) • (Cullum 2809).|
|Camp Thomas (3)||OH||1865||2||=(Cullum 2084) • (Cullum 2104).|
|Camp Thomas (4)||WA||1856||1||(Cullum 1555).|
|Camp Taliaferro||TX||1917‑1918||1||Not too sure you want to do these, but it was an aviation training camp of some importance during World War I. Wickedpedia has an entry. On my site, it shows up in Paine's First Yale Unit, p206|
|Camp Trinidad||TX||1868‑1869||1||(Cullum 2153).|
|Camp Tyson||TN||1941…||0||The Wikipedia article for Laurence Davis Tyson (he is (Cullum 3019)) reports that "Camp Tyson, the World War II U.S. Army training post near Paris, Tennessee was named for him."|
|Camp Union (2)||WV||1774||0||Before there was a West Virginia of course; in Lord Dunmore's War.|
|Camp Wade||OK||1889||2||(Cullum 2620) • (Cullum 3268).|
|Camp Wallace||TX||1942||1||(Cullum 4690).|
|Camp Washington (2)||MD||1882||1||(Cullum 1650).|
|Camp Wetherell (2)||SC||1898-1899||1||(Cullum 3032).|
|Camp Williams||VA||1868||4||(Cullum 1888) • (Cullum 2204) • (Cullum 2206) • (Cullum 2241).|
|Camp Wilson (3)||AK||1853||1||Very likely just a temporary camp, but historically important because it was the departure point for Whipple's Explorations of 1853. He locates it precisely by astronomical and chronometrical observation, see my note and map at .|
|Camp Winder||VA||1864||2||Confederate. One of the defenses of Richmond (AOG obituary of John Archer); also a hospital camp in Richmond (Freeman's Lee, Vol. 2 ch. 5).|
|Camp Wood (4)||KY||1861‑1862||1||(Cullum 1833).|
|Wood Camp||NY||1873‑1874||1||(Cullum 2421).|
|Camp Young||CA||1942‑1943||3||(Cullum 4795) • (Cullum 6053) • (Cullum 6347).|
|Cantonment North Fork Canadian River||ID||1872-1880||8||Sometimes, although not as often, called "Camp" on North Fork Canadian River. (Cullum 1387) • (Cullum 2253) • (Cullum 2308) • (Cullum 2410) • (Cullum 2687) • (Cullum 2691) • (Cullum 2781). Also, (Cullum 2746) mentions a "Cantonment at the mouth of Canadian River" (1881), which I think is the same place. It seems to have been established by General Dodge in his first explorations of the area.
- Camp CALOOSAHATCHEE (FL): may well be Fort Thompson (3) — but maybe not: it is called Camp C. by Colonel R. H. Wilson (in a history of the Eighth Infantry) speaking of events of 1841: he says it was destroyed by a "tornado" in September of that year.
- Camp CONNOR (ID): The one I was looking for, I found, hiding under "Fort Reno (2)". But in the process I found one on Wickedpedia (possibly misspelled for Conner? see the WP entry) was in Idaho, 1863; they cite Frazer.
- Camp COOK (MN) In (Cullum 2091): "Camp Cook (Min.)" called a regimental headquarters, year 1867. Yet maybe Montana?? is meant, since the guy is next stationed to a fort in Montana. See next:
- Camp COOK (MT) In (Cullum 2106), year 1866, I find a "Camp Cook (Mon.)" Ditto in (Cullum 2676) in connection with the construction of the Northern Pacific Railroad. If those are typos, they're Cullum's in the printed text.
- Camp on GLENDIVE CREEK (MT). Mentioned by that name in (Cullum 2099); but probably also as "the stockade at Glendive" in connection with Charles Braden (Cullum 2291) and the Yellowstone Expedition of 1873, in the AOG obituary of Jenifer H. Smallwood.
- Camp HOWARD (IT). Twice so far, (Cullum 1665) • (Cullum 2524) (where it's said to be in Idaho). See also possibly Fort Howard (NM), above under Forts.
- Camp on LARAMIE RIVER (WY). Once so far onsite: (Cullum 1914). Year 1873; the officer, a Captain, is mentioned as "in command" of it.
- Cantonment MILLER (MN) Cullum has at least 3 references to it. In MN so it's not Jeff Barracks. All three dates are 1855‑56.
- A "Camp of Concentration and Instruction" at Mt. Gretna, PA. Three times so far onsite, in connection with training maneuvers in 1901 and in 1906: (Cullum 2406) • (Cullum 3222) • (Cullum 3369)
- Camp TULARE (CA) A very temporary camp, but The California State Military Museum has a page about it; the Lt. Vose mentioned there (Cullum 2044) must therefore have been its only commander. Also stationed there, (Cullum 2191) ▸ Oh, and I checked: if the name of this place reminds you of tularemia, well it should: the disease is named for the county.
- BENTON Barracks (MO). During the War between the States, a Union camp in St. Louis, not the same as Jefferson Barracks. See Wikipedia article. Appears 6 times in Cullum: (Cullum 155) • (Cullum 647) • (Cullum 655) • (Cullum 1022) • (Cullum 1196) • (Cullum 1533).
- GREENVILLE Barracks (LA). Appears twice so far in Cullum (Cullum 1363) • (Cullum 2193), both dates 1869. Aka Sedgwick Barracks (1)?? — but not in Cullum.
- JACKSON Barracks (TN). at least once so far in Cullum, (Cullum 2605), date is 1885‑86. Some evidence online that there is or was such a place: sports team by that name plays in Tennessee….
- Anastasia Island, FL. (Cullum 2817) was in command of it in early 1898 (i.e., before the Spanish-American War).
One or two might be overseas, and a few might be naval fields.
- Fort MITCHELL:
- Fort CLARK (7):
- in NC, Confederate, with a bunch of others, Hamilton, History of North Carolina):
- ". . . defences were begun at Ocracoke Inlet, at Hatteras Inlet and on Roanoke Island. On Beacon Island at Ocracoke, Fort Morgan was erected and at Hatteras Forts Ellis and Clark. On Roanoke Island were Forts Huger, Blanchard, and Bartow, all on the western side of the island on Croatan Sound, and a battery at Ballast Point on the eastern side commanding the entrance to Manteo or Shallow Bay. Across Croatan Sound, on the mainland was Fort Forrest. At Cobb's Point on the Pasquotank River was another battery. None of these were real forts, the strongest, Fort Ellis, having only twelve smooth-bore 32‑pounders."
- in NC, Confederate, with a bunch of others, Hamilton, History of North Carolina):
- Around Pensacola: Batteries LINCOLN, CAMERON, and TOTTEN; Battery SCOTT within firing range of Fort McRee. In the Bearss article, "Civil War Operations in and around Pensacola". <<== Don't normally document civil war batteries (there were a gazillion of them) but I may do these after I visit there this month
Unresolved for now
- Yet another Fort ADAMS, this one apparently in IL, mentioned by Sidney Breese in Ch. 23 of his Early History of Illinois. <<== Can't find any reference to this one. ▸ Sidney Breese was a contemporary and a long-time resident and political figure in Illinois, so he may very well be right, so I'm leaving this one for now as unresolved.
- Fort COBB: Cullum has one instance each of a Fort Cobb in Texas and in Colorado.
- Fort Cobb <== Oklahoma (none in Texas or Colorado perhaps one in North Carolina)
- JACKSON Barracks (TN). Appears once in Cullum 2605, date 1885‑86. <== Not found in TN.
- I ran a thorough check of all the West Point material I have on hard disk, and found 135 mentions of Jackson Barracks; 134 in LA, and just this one in "TN". Must be a mistake in Cullum — but the error is such a strange one (how would anyone come to write "Ten." for "La."?) that it may be a different mistake. One idea I had ▸ Johnson Barracks? since Andrew Johnson was a Tennessean and military governor of Tennessee for a while. So I'm leaving this up, although in the "Completed" section.
- I also find a Camp JACKSON in Gayarré's History of Louisiana, [(V.11)], in that State during the War of 1812, in connection with Gen. Jackson himself. <== likely a temporary camp I couldn't find a reference
- I find a lone Fort LARNED, Neb. (rather than Kan.) in (Cullum 1808). Mistake in Cullum? Date: 1860‑61. <<== don't find one in Nebraska
- Fort MASSACHUSETTS (NM). Yup, there's one in New Mexico too. I've already prepared the slot as "Fort Massachusetts (5)" on the disambiguation page. <== Not found in NM
- The remaining SUMNER items are now therefore:
- A Camp Sumner, Kan. (that is not Fort Atkinson (2): in Cullum 687, 1247 and  incidentally described as "Ft. Leavenworth (Camp Sumner), Kan., 1849". I'm assuming it's Fort Leavenworth, although FortWiki doesn't list "Camp Sumner" among Leavenworth's alternative names.
- Camp Sumner (1) - A U.S. Army Camp at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas <== Not able to find this one yet