Kennebec Arsenal

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Kennebec Arsenal (1828-1903) - First established during the Northeast Boundary Controversy in 1828 in Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine. Sometimes referred to as Augusta Arsenal (2), but should not be confused with Augusta Arsenal (1) in Georgia. Abandoned as an Arsenal in 1903.

Kennebec Arsenal History

Constructed between 1828 and 1838 on the east bank of the Kennebec River at Augusta. Eight Greek and Gothic revival granite buildings were built including the main arsenal building, two magazines, three sets of officer's quarters, a barracks and an office building.

The arsenal was closed in 1903 and became Maine Insane Hospital in 1905.


Kennebec Arsenal Partial Commanders List (edit list)
Assumed Relieved Rank Name Cullum Notes
1831 1832 Captain Mellon, Charles N/A
1833 1842 Captain Ripley, James W. 102
1842 1847 1st Lieutenant Wainwright, Robert A. 837
1848 1851 1st Lieutenant Wainwright, Robert A. 837
1851 1855 Captain (Bvt) Callender, Franklin D. 993
1855 1856 2nd Lieutenant Howard, Oliver O. 1634
1856 1858 Captain Gorgas, Josiah 1064
1858 1858 1st Lieutenant Todd, John W. 1541
1861 1861 Captain Kingsbury, Charles P. 1018
1866 1869 Lieutenant Colonel (Bvt) Buel, David H. 1942
1869 1876 Major (Bvt) Whittemore, James M. 1854
1890 1892 Captain Bryant, Cullen 2035
1892 1898 Major McGinness, John R. 2003
Dates are formatted in yyyy-mm-dd to sort correctly.
The Cullum Number is the graduation order from the United States Military Academy by year and class rank and links to a page for the officer on the website version of the Cullum Register. Listings without a Cullum Number indicate that the person was not a graduate of the United States Military Academy.

Current Status

Kennebec Arsenal National Historic Landmark in Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine. Historic buildings sill exist along Arsenal Street but are vacant and in a state of neglect and decline. The State of Maine has sued the current owner for return of the property.

Kennebec Arsenal Remaining Structures
  • Gate and Fence
  • Arsenal Building
  • Commandant's Quarters (Officer's Quarters 1)
  • Officer's Quarters 2
  • Officer's Quarters 3
  • Barracks
  • Large Magazine
  • Small Magazine
  • Office Building
  • Storage Building
  • Reservoir Retaining Wall
  • Retaining Wall and Wharf

Location: At Arsenal St. & Independence Dr. in Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine.

Maps & Images

Lat: 44.3072361 Long: -69.7694921

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Kennebec Arsenal Picture Gallery

Click on the picture to see a larger version. Contribute additional pictures - the more the better!

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