Battery Winchester

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Battery Winchester (1900-1918) - Battery Winchester was a reinforced concrete Endicott Period gun battery located on Fort Armistead (1), Maryland. The Battery was named for Brig. Gen. James Winchester. Battery construction started in 1897, was completed in 1899 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 5 Jan 1900 at a total cost of $140,383.10 (total cost includes Battery McFarland). Deactivated in 1918.

Battery Winchester 12" Gun Emplacement
Battery Winchester Shell Hoist and Gallery


Battery Winchester History

Part of the Harbor Defense of Baltimore.

Battery Winchester was a reinforced concrete Endicott Period 12" gun battery with one M1888MII 12" gun mounted on an LF M1896 carriage. The gun was shipped to Fort Wadsworth 26 Jul 1918 and the carriage was scrapped 12 Mar 1923.

Battery Winchester Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 12" Rifle 440" M1888 21 Watervliet Disappearing, LF M1896,
#3, Watertown
1900-1918 See Note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 Jan 1920, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 138, 209
Note 1: Gun removed 26 Jul 1918 and shipped to Fort Wadsworth later ordered salvaged 1 Jul 1944, CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA. Carriage scrapped 12 Mar 1923. CDSG gun carriage card collection from NARA.
Fort Armistead Battery Winchester Plan.jpg


Current Status

No period guns or carriages in place. Battery in good physical shape but covered with grafitti. Not well cared for.


Location: Fort Armistead, Maryland.

Maps & Images

Lat: 39.2094726 Long: -76.5340394

Sources:

Links:


Visited: 2 Apr 2009

Battery Winchester Picture Gallery

Click on the picture to see a larger version. Contribute additional pictures - the more the better!


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