Battery Turnbull (1903-1945) - Battery Turnbull was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 3 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Wadsworth (1), New York. The battery was named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, after Bvt. Colonel William Turnbull (Cullum 211), ( Major U.S. Topographical Engineers), who served with distinction during the Mexican-American War, and who died 28 Dec 1857. Battery construction started in 1902, was completed in 1903 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 19 Nov 1903 at a cost of $ 30,000.00. Declared obsolete in 1945.
Part of the Harbor Defense of Southern New York.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with six 3" M1902 guns mounted on M1902 pedestal carriages. The six M1903 guns and carriages of Battery Catlin were swapped out with the six M1902 guns and carriages of Battery Turnbull in 1913.
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. Battery Catlin was not affected by the World War I redistribution or the 1920 disarmament program.
Guns and carriages declared obsolete 18 Oct 1945 and processed for disposal 15 Feb 1946.
No period guns or mounts in place.
Visited: 15 Aug 2010