Battery Smith (1)

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Battery Smith (1) (1903-1920 ) - Battery Smith was a concrete Endicott Period 3" gun battery located on Fort Washington (1), Prince George's County, Maryland. On 25 May 1903 the Battery was named for 2nd Lt. Joseph P. Smith (Cullum 1228), 5th U.S. Infantry who was killed at Chapultepec, Mexico, 13 Sep 1847 during the Mexican War. Battery construction started 24 Apr 1899, was completed 9 May 1903 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 15 Sep 1903 at a total cost of $9,500.00. Deactivated in 1920.

Battery Smith
Battery Smith

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of the Potomac.

Battery Smith was a reinforced concrete Endicott Period rapid fire 3" gun battery with two M1898 guns mounted on M1898 Masking Parapet mounts. The guns were first mounted in August 1902.

Battery Smith Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 3" Rifle 154.5 M1898MI 99 Driggs-Seabury Masking Parapet, M1898,
#99, Driggs-Seabury
1903-1920 See Note 1
2 3" Rifle 154.5 M1898MI 100 Driggs-Seabury Masking Parapet, M1898,
#100, Driggs-Seabury
1903-1920 See Note 1
Source: CDSG, RCW Form 1, 1 Feb 1919, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 70, 209
Note 1: CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Fort Washington Battery Smith Plan.jpg

World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. Battery Smith was unaffected by the World War I redistribution but was caught up in the following 1920 disarmament program.The guns from Battery Smith were removed and shipped to Watervliet Arsenal 9 Jul 1920. The mounts were scrapped 20 May 1920.

Current Status

On Fort Washington National Park, Prince George's County, Maryland. No period guns or carriages are in place.

Location: Fort Washington, Prince George's County, Maryland.

Maps & Images

Lat: 38.7055227 Long: -77.0292503



Visited: 4 Apr 2009

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