Battery Sherwood

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Battery Sherwood (1900-1918) - Battery Sherwood was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 5 inch rapid fire coastal gun battery on Fort Winfield Scott (2), San Francisco County, California. The battery was named in S.O. 16, 14 Feb 1902 after 2nd Lt. Walter Sherwood (Cullum 928), 7th U.S. Infantry, who was killed in a hand-to-hand encounter with Seminole Indians near Fort Micanopy, Florida, on 28 Dec 1840. Battery construction started in 1900, was completed in 1900 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 2 Aug 1900 at a cost of $ 20,355.07. Although the Battery was accepted for service in 1900, it was not armed until 1905. Deactivated in 1918.

Battery Sherwood from Access Road
Battery Sherwood Top View

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of San Francisco.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 5" M1900 rapid fire guns mounted on M1903 Barbette carriages. This was a two story battery with the gun platforms on the second level and the magazines on the lower level. The 5" ammunition was light enough that hoists were not required. The Battery had a separate observation post above and a magazine underneath for each of the two guns. The guns and carriages were not mounted until sometime after 24 August 1905 when the carriages were shipped from the Morgan Engineering Company to Fort Winfield Scott.

These guns had a range of about 7.5 miles and a rate of fire of 20-30 rounds/minute for short periods.

Battery Sherwood Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 5" Rifle 258.5" M1900 2 Watervliet Pedestal Barbette, M1903, #16, Morgan 1900-1918 See note 1
2 5" Rifle 258.5" M1900 13 Watervliet Pedestal Barbette, M1903, #17, Morgan 1900-1918 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1,1 Mar 1920, RCB, 31 Dec 1909, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 90-91, 215
Note 1: Both carriages shipped 24 Aug 1905 to Battery Sherwood, Guns and carriages both probably shipped to Fort Funston 18 Jun 1918, CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Sherwood Plan


World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. This Battery was deactivated in 1917-1918 during World War I and the guns and carriages were ordered sent to Battery Bruff on Fort Funston. On 18 Jul 1918 it was indicated that the two 5" guns of Battery Sherwood had been transferred to Merced but the gun cards do not give a specific date. The transfer of the carriages took place 18 Jun 1918 and it is assumed that the guns and the carriages transferred on about the same date.

Current Status

Part of the Golden Gate Recreation Area (GGNRA) administered by the National Park Service. No gun or mounts in place. Lots of graffiti and trash.


Location: Fort Winfield Scott, San Francisco County, California

Maps & Images

Lat: 37.802222 Long: -122.464167

Sources:

Links:

Visited: 22 Aug 2009

Battery Sherwood Picture Gallery

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