Battery Richardson

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Battery Richardson (1904-1943) - Battery Israel Richardson was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 12 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Hancock (2), New Jersey. The battery was named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, after MG Israel B. Richardson (Cullum 1084), who died 3 Nov 1862, of wounds received in action at Antietam, Maryland, 17 Sep 1862. The two gun emplacements of his battery were part of the nine gun emplacements of the main gun line built at Fort Hancock (2) and originally called Battery Halleck. The main gun line was later divided into four named batteries by G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904 (Battery Halleck, Battery Alexander (2), Battery Bloomfield and Battery Richardson). Battery construction started in 1902, was completed in 1904 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 23 Apr 1904 at a cost of $ 100,000.00. Deactivated in 1943.

Fort Hancock, Battery Richardson Gun Emplacement #2
Fort Hancock, Battery Richardson Gun Emplacement #1
Fort Hancock, Battery Richardson View

Endicott Period

Part of the Harbor Defense of Southern New York.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 12" M1895MI guns mounted on M1901 disappearing carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns on the upper level and a separate magazine for each emplacement on the lower level. Shell hoists moved the projectiles from the lower level to the gun loading platform. The battery was originally furnished with Hodges back delivery projectile hoists. The Hodges hoists were later changed out for back delivery Taylor-Raymond projectile hoists that were accepted for service on 20 Sep 1917 and 3 Apr 1918.

Battery Richardson Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 12" Rifle 442.56" M1895MI 71 Watervliet Disappearing, M1901, #4, Midvale 1904-1943 See note 1
2 12" Rifle 442.56" M1895MI 64 Watervliet Disappearing, M1901, #3, Midvale 1904-1943 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 Jul 1921, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 150-151, 207
Note 1: CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Richardson Plan

World War I

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere.

World War II

The guns and carriages were found to be obsolete and ordered salvaged 23 Oct 1943.

Current Status

Part of the Gateway National Recreation Area, Fort Hancock Unit. No period guns or mounts in place.

Location: Fort Hancock, Monmouth County, New Jersey

Maps & Images

Lat: 40.4693718 Long: -74.0022272



Visited: 14 Aug 2010

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