Battery Randol (1902-1918) - Battery Randol was a reinforced concrete Endicott Period 10 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Worden, Jefferson County, Washington. Named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, for Bvt. Brigadier General Alanson Merwin Randol, U.S. Volunteers (Major 1st U.S. Artillery), who served with distinction during the U.S. Civil War, and who died 7 May 1887. Battery construction started 1898, was completed in 1900 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 16 Jun 1902. Deactivated in 1918.
Endicott Period (1890-1910)
Part of the Harbor Defense of Puget Sound.
The batteries were all named in 1904. In 1909 a significant structural upgrade was undertaken on the main gun line. The original 4-2-1 configuration of four 10" guns, two 12" guns and one 10" gun had been changed by swapping the last 10" gun with the first 12" gun to produce a 5-2 configuration. The final configuration had the emplacements as Battery Randol with two 10" guns, Battery Quarles next with three 10" guns and Battery Ash last with two 12" guns. The cost of modifications to the three batteries had reached $50,215.00 by the end of 1909.
Battery Benson was added to the "main gun line" located on the top of Artillery Hill in 1908 with two more 10" guns. These guns were more modern and had disappearing carriages not the Barbette mounts of the initial emplacements. The addition of Battery Benson (and several other batteries) improved coverage of the Straight of Juan de Fuca to the North and West.
On 31 Mar 1915 a B.C. Station was added to the building behind Battery Randol that contained the plotting room, latrine and two storage rooms.
World War I (1917-1918)
On 25 May 1918 the A.G.O. directed the removal of Battery Randol's guns for shipment overseas. On 13 Jun 1918 the guns were reported shipped to Watervliet for modification. World War I ended before the guns made it overseas and they ended up being shipped from Watervliet to Watertown to Aberdeen before being salvaged 29 Jul 1931. Carriage #8 was retained at Fort Worden for spare parts and carriage #7 was shipped to Aberdeen 15 Aug 1919.
No gun or mounts in place.
Visited: 17 Jun 2009, 19 Jul 2008