Battery Parker

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Battery Parker (1907-1917) - Battery Thomas Parker is a concrete Endicott Period Coastal Battery located on Fort Casey (1), Whidbey Island, Island County, Washington . Named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, after Bvt. 1st Lt. Thomas D. Parker, U.S. Army, 2nd Lt., 2nd U.S. Infantry, who was killed in action at Gaines Mill, Virginia, 27 Jun 1862, during the U.S. Civil War. The Battery was begun August 1903 and completed August 1905 and transferred to the Coast Artillery 22 May 1907 at a cost of $50,380. The guns were removed from the Battery in 1917.

Battery Parker Gun Emplacement #2
Battery Parker Gun Emplacement #1
Battery Parker Panorama

Battery Parker History

Part of the Harbor Defense of Puget Sound. Battery Parker was designed to protect both the Straight of Juan De Fuca and the Admiralty Inlet to Puget Sound.

Originally built with two, 6" M1905 rifles mounted on M1903 disappearing carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns located on the upper level and the magazines and service rooms on the lower level. On the lower level a common shell room and a common powder room serve both gun positions. Electrical power was provided from either the plant at Battery Seymour & Schenck, the central power plant or commercial power. No shell or powder hoists were provided.

Battery Parker Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 6" Rifle 300" M1905 3 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903,
#74, Detrick & Harvey
1907-1917 See Note 1
2 6" Rifle 300" M1905 12 Watervliet Disappearing, M1903,
#75, Detrick & Harvey
1907-1917 See Note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 Mar 1933, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 98-99, 217
Note 1: Carriages transferred from Detrick & Harvey in Dec 1905, guns transferred to Watervliet 31 Dec 1917, carriages scrapped 26 May 1920. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Parker Plan a/o 1 Mar 1933

World War I

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The two 6" guns at Battery Parker were listed for service overseas on 27 Aug 1917 and by 18 Jul 1918 they had been transferred. The guns were actually transferred 31 Dec 1917 to Watervliet Arsenal but never actually made it overseas because the war drew to a close before they could be modified and shipped. These guns remained in the inventory until after World War II but were never remounted.

Current Status

The battery was clean and dry when visited. No guns or carriages were in place.

Location: On Fort Casey (1), Whidbey Island, Washington.

Maps & Images

Lat: 48.168411 Long: -122.68276

Sources: Template:CDSGBattery


Visited: 14 Apr 2010, 18 Jul 2008

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