Battery Ord

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Battery Ord (1898-1917) - Battery Jules Ord was constructed at Fort Columbia between December of 1896 and July of 1898. The battery was transferred for service on July 16, 1898 for a total cost of $137,298.79. The Battery is named after Lt. Jules G. Ord, who was killed in action at San Juan Hill in the Spanish American War on December 27, 1904.

Battery Ord
Battery Ord Fire Control Station


Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of the Columbia.

Battery Ord was the first active Endicott Period battery emplacement in Fort Columbia. This battery is unusual in that it was actually two separate sets of emplacements. The main battery was armed with two 8-inch disappearing rifles and the other emplacement was armed with a single 8-inch disappearing rifle and an experimental carriage. Originally, the third separate gun emplacement was named Battery Neary but at some time the name was dropped and became part of Battery Ord. In 1909 the third gun emplacement was modified to mount a standard M1896 disappearing carriage and the existing M1888MII gun was mounted on it. The replacement carriage came from deactivated Battery Burnham on Fort Mason, California. In 1910, the third rifle emplacement magazine room and corridor was remodeled and used as a switchboard room.

World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns for the battery were ordered dismounted on 24 Aug 1917 and shipped to France later in the year and were never replaced. The gun carriages were sold and removed by 1920.

Battery Ord Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 8" Rifle 278.5" M1888MI 20 Watervliet Disappearing Carriage, M1896,
#1, Pond
1898-1917
2 8" Rifle 278.5" M1888MI 23 Watervliet Disappearing Carriage, M1896,
#10, Pond
1898-1917
3 8" Rifle 278.5" M1888MII 44 Watervliet Experimental 1898-1910
3 8" Rifle 278.5" M1888MII 44 Watervliet Disappearing Carriage, M1896,
#32, Lake Erie
1910-1917
Source: RCW Form 1, 30 Sep 1926, CDSG
Battery Ord Plan


Current Status

The battery is in fair condition and open to the public. However, the main emplacement is partially closed due to safety and deterioration issues of some areas of the battery. There is no access to the buried third gun emplacement. No period guns or carriages in place.


Location: Fort Columbia, Washington

Maps & Images

Lat: 46.25282 Long: -123.920696

Sources:

  • Information displays at the battery

Links:

Visited: 22 Mar 2008, 18 May 2008, 27 Aug 2005

Battery Ord Picture Gallery

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