Battery McCook (2)

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Battery McCook (2) (1904-1947) - Battery Daniel McCook was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Andrews, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. The battery was named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, after Brigadier General Daniel McCook, U.S. Volunteers, who died 17 Jul 1864, of wounds received in action at Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia, 27 Jun 1864, during the U.S. Civil War. Battery construction started 1901-1902, was completed in 1904 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 29 Dec 1904 at a cost of $ 27,000.00. Deactivated in 1947.

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of Boston, Massachusetts.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" M1900 guns mounted on M1900 Pedestal carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns located on the upper level and the magazines below. Shells were moved from the magazine level to the gun loading platform by Raymond hand operated, back delivery, shell hoists. No powder hoists were provided. Electrical power was furnished by the emplacement power plant in Battery Cushing.

Battery McCook (2) Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
Original Gun Set 1904
1 6" Rifle 310.4" M1900 14 Watervliet Pedestal, M1900, #11, Watertown 1904-1917
1919-1943
See note 1
2 6" Rifle 310.4" M1900 20 Watervliet Pedestal, M1900, #27, Watertown 1904-1917
1919-1943
See note 1
New Gun Set 1943
1 6" Rifle 310.4" M1900 47 Watervliet Pedestal, M1900, #11, Watertown 1943-1947 See note 2
2 6" Rifle 310.4" M1900 39 Watervliet Pedestal, M1900, #27, Watertown 1943-1947 See note 2
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 Apr 1921, RCB, 31 Dec 1909, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 96-97
Note 1: Guns transferred to Morgan 27 Sep 1917. Guns transferred back from Aberdeen (1) 24 Jun 1919 and from Camp Eustis (2) 1 Apr 1919. Guns transferred to Bridgeport Conn. (1) 7 Jun 1942 and Watervliet (2) 11 Jan 1943. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Note 2: Guns transferred in June and December 1942. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery McCook Original Plan


World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery McCook (2) were ordered dismounted for use abroad on 24 Aug 1917 but were later ordered retained and remounted. The District Engineer reported that the guns of the battery were remounted in June 1920.

World War II (1941-1945)

Battery McCook was a part of the Harbor Defenses of Boston plan throughout World War II. In 1943 the battery was modified to widen the gun platforms and the 6" guns were swapped out at the same time. The new work was begun on 30 Jun 1943, completed on 26 Aug 1943 and accepted for service on 18 Jan 1944 at a cost of $ 7,182.

Battery McCook 1943 Plan


The battery was declared surplus and deactivated 10 Apr 1947.

Current Status

No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Fort Andrews, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Maps & Images

Lat: 42.3018411 Long: -70.9291197

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Boston, Massachusetts, (HDB-AN-45), 31 Jan 1945, CDSG

Links:

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