Battery Many

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Battery Many (1905-1928) - Battery Many was a concrete Endicott Period 3" gun battery located on Fort Washington (1), Maryland. The Battery was named 24 Dec 1904 for Col. James B. Many, 3rd U.S. Infantry, who served in the War of 1812. Battery construction was completed and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 19 May 1905 at a total cost of $25,904.00. Deactivated in 1928.

Battery Many Panorama


Part of the Harbor Defense of the Potomac.

Battery Many was a reinforced concrete Endicott Period 3" gun battery with two M1902 MI guns on M1902 Pedestal mounts. The battery consisted of two gun mounts 62' apart separated by the main battery structure with a separate shell room for each gun emplacement and a common cartridge room. It was 10' from the level where the munitions were stored to the gun level with three flights of narrow stairs to climb.

The carriages were sent to Fort Washington (1) on 11 Mar 1905 from the Bethlehem Steel Company and the guns were mounted in April 1905. The Battery was deactivated in 1928 and the guns and mounts were removed on 27 Aug 1929 and shipped to Aberdeen Ordnance Depot.

Battery Many Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 3" Rifle 154.35" M1902MI 3 Bethlehem Pedestal, M1902, #3, Bethlehem 1905-1928 See Note 1
2 3" Rifle 154.35" M1902MI 5 Bethlehem Pedestal, M1902, #5, Bethlehem 1905-1928 See Note 1
Source: Coast Defense Study Group, RCW Form 1 1 Feb 1919, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 72, 209
Note 1: Guns shipped to Aberdeen Ordnance Depot 27 Aug 1929. Carriages shipped to Fort Washington (1) 11 Mar 1905 and were shipped from Fort Washington 27 Aug 1929 to Aberdeen Ordnance Depot, CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA, CDSG gun carriage card collection from NARA.
Battery Many Plan, Feb 1919

Current Status

On Fort Washington National Park. No period guns or carriages are in place. Just prior to our visit in 2009 the CDSG conducted a volunteer cleanup of this battery and it looked great when we arrived. See the photos below.

Location: Fort Washington, Maryland.

Maps & Images

Lat: 38.7098009 Long: -77.035988

  • Multi Maps from ACME
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  • Maps from Google
  • Elevation: 98.8'



Visited: 4 Apr 2009

Picture Gallery

[[[Category:Endicott Period Battery]]
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