Battery Humphreys (2)

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Battery Humphreys (2) (1899-1928 ) - Battery Humphreys (2) was a concrete Endicott Period 10" disappearing gun battery located on Fort Washington (1), Maryland. The Battery was originally designated as Battery "D" but was later named for Maj. Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys (Cullum 641), Chief of U.S. Army Engineers 1866-1879. Battery construction was completed in June 1899 and the battery was transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 6 Jul 1899 at a total cost of $93,207.00. Deactivated in 1928.

Battery Humphreys Panorama 2009

Battery Humphreys (2) History

Part of the Harbor Defense of the Potomac.

Battery Humphreys was a reinforced concrete Endicott Period 10" disappearing gun battery with two M1888MII guns mounted on M1896 carriages. The carriages arrived at Fort Washington (1) in late 1898 and the guns were mounted in November-December 1898. The Battery was deactivated sometime before 16 Aug 1928 because the carriages were salvaged on that date. Both guns were shipped to Aberdeen 27 Aug 1929.

Battery Humphreys (2) Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 10" Rifle 367.25" M1888MII 17 Bethlehem Disappearing, M1896, #34, Watertown 1899-1928 See Note 1
Gun mounted Nov 1898
2 10" Rifle 367.25" M1888MII 19 Bethlehem Disappearing, M1896, #57, Bethlehem 1899-1928 See Note 1
Gun mounted Dec 1898
Source: Coast Defense Study Group, RCW Form 1 1 Feb 1919, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 124, 209
Note 1: Both guns sent to Aberdeen 27 Aug 1929 CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA, carriage #34 arrived 16 Mar 1898 from Watertown, carriage #57 arrived 23 Sep 1898 from Bethlehem, both carriages were salvaged 16 Aug 1928 CDSG gun carriage card collection from NARA.
Battery Humphreys Plan

Current Status

On Fort Washington National Park, Maryland. No period guns or carriages are in place. This battery was very clean and well presented at the time of our visit.

Location: Fort Washington National Park, Maryland.

Maps & Images

Lat: 38.7075489 Long: -77.0290437



Visited: 4 Apr 2009

Battery Humphreys (2) Picture Gallery

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