Battery Harvey Allen

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Battery Harvey Allen (1906-1945) - Battery Harvey Allen was built at Fort Canby between Aug 1904 and Dec 1905 at a cost of $58,935 and was transferred to the Army 27 Feb 1906. Named after Lt. Col. Harvey A. Allen, 2nd U.S. Artillery, veteran of the U.S. Civil War and the Mexican War, who died 20 Sep 1882. Removed from service 21 May 1945.

Powder, Shell & Admin Rooms for Guns 1 & 2, Battery Allen
Emplacement for Gun #1, Battery Allen


Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of the Columbia. A concrete Endicott Period battery guarding the entrance to the Columbia River with three, M1903 6" guns mounted in M1903 disappearing carriages.

The original guns were removed in 1918 and shipped overseas but the carriages remained. Two of the guns were replaced in 1918 with guns from Battery O'Flyng and place on the original carriages. Carriage #88 was sold and removed.

World War II (1941-1945)

The Battery was removed from service 21 May 1945.

Current Status

Battery Allen is located in Cape Disappointment State Park near Ilwaco, Pacific County, Washington. A Lewis & Clark interpretive center has been built on the front of the battery but all of the gun mounts and the shell & powder rooms are open to the public and in reasonable condition. The shell & powder room between guns 1 & 2 contains several interpretive signs as does a small kiosk at the entrance. Follow the signs to the Lewis & Clark interpretive Center and you can't miss the Battery. A short climb from the parking lot to the battery above. Disabled access available via a road that goes right up to the interpretive center but parking is limited at the top and at the main lot below.

Battery Harvey Allen Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 6" Rifle 309.8" M1905 13 Watervliet Disappearing Carriage 1906-1918 Removed in 1918
Replaced with below
1 6" Rifle 309.8" M1905 1 Watervliet Disappearing Carriage 1918-1945 From Battery O'Flyng
2 6" Rifle 309.8" M1905 17 Watervliet Disappearing Carriage 1906-1918 Removed in 1918
Replaced with below
2 6" Rifle 309.8" M1905 11 Watervliet Disappearing Carriage 1918-1945 From Battery O'Flyng
3 6" Rifle 309.8" M1905 16 Watervliet Disappearing Carriage 1906-1918 Removed 1918, maybe to
Battery Guenther
Source: CDSG
Battery Harvey Allen Plan


Location: On Fort Canby, Cape Disappointment, Pacific County, Washington

Maps & Images

Lat: 46.278602 Long: -124.053326

  • Elevation: 208'

Sources:

  • Lucero, Donella J. and Hobbs, Nancy L., The Long Beach Peninsula: Where the Columbia Meets the Pacific, Arcadia Publishing, North Beach Peninsula, 2004, 159 pages, ISBN 0738524573, page 47
  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project Harbor Defenses of the Columbia, (CCA-AN-CR), 12 Aug 1946, CDSG

Links:

Visited: 16 Feb 2008

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