Battery Gibson (1899-1917) - Battery Gibson was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 8 inch coastal gun battery on Fort DuPont (1), Delaware. The battery was named in G.O. 78, 25 May 1903, after Col. James Gibson, 4th U.S. Rifle, who was killed 17 Sep 1814, in action at Fort Erie, Canada. Battery construction started 1 Apr 1898, was completed on 31 Dec 1898 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use on 12 jan 1899 at a cost of $ 67,956.04. Deactivated in 1917.
Battery Gibson History
Part of the Harbor Defense of the Delaware.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 8" M1888MII guns mounted on M1896 disappearing carriages. Battery Gibson and Battery Read were built as one large four emplacement battery with the two 12" guns of Battery Read placed in the left most and right most emplacements and the two 8" guns of Battery Gibson placed in the two center emplacements. Battery Gibson was a two story battery with the guns mounted on the upper level and the magazines below. Two Taylor-Raymond back delivery shell hoists moved the shells from the magazines to the shell loading level. No powder hoists were provided.
Electric power originally furnished by an internal power plant that was upgraded in 1910 and again in 1918, even after the battery was deactivated.
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere.
Both Battery Read and Battery Gibson were regarded as of insufficient military value to warrant provision of manning personnel and ammunition on 27 Oct 1915, prior to the entry of the U.S. into World War I. On 24 Aug 1917 the guns were ordered dismounted for use abroad. In November 1917 both guns were dismounted and shipped to Watervliet. In June 1918 both carriages were dismounted to be sold as scrap and in 1922 the carriages were removed and sold.
No period guns or mounts in place.
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Visited: 6 Aug 2010