Battery Daniels

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Battery Daniels (1903-1920) - Battery Daniels was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 3 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Levett, Cushing's Island, Cumberland County, Maine. The battery was named in G.O. 78, 25 may 1903, after 1st Lt. Napoleon Daniels, 18th U.S. Infantry, who was killed 21 Jul 1866, in action with Indians at Crazy Woman's Fork, Dakota. Battery construction was completed and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 23 Apr 1903 at a cost of $ 14,994.18. Deactivated in 1920.

Battery Bowdoin Upper Left, Batteries Kendrick and Ferguson Lower Right, Battery Daniels Upper Right.

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of Portland, Maine.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with three 3" M1898MI guns mounted on M1898 Masking Parapet mounts. This was a two story battery with the guns located on the upper level and the magazines below. Shells were moved from the magazine level to the gun loading platform by hand. No shell or powder hoists were provided. Electrical power was furnished by the central power plant.

Battery Daniels Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 3" Rifle 154.5" M1898MI 46 Driggs-Seabury Masking Parapet, M1898,
#46, Driggs-Seabury
1903-1920 See note 1
2 3" Rifle 154.5" M1898MI 47 Driggs-Seabury Masking Parapet, M1898,
#47, Driggs-Seabury
1903-1920 See note 1
3 3" Rifle 154.5" M1898MI 48 Driggs-Seabury Masking Parapet, M1898,
#48, Driggs-Seabury
1903-1920 See note 1
Source: RCB, 31 Dec 1916, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 70-71
Note 1: Guns transferred to Watervliet 8 Jul 1920, carriages ordered scrapped 20 May 1920. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA


World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Daniels were not affected by the World War I redistribution but the following 1920 disarmament program saw the battery deactivated and the guns transferred to Watervliet 8 Jul 1920. The carriages were ordered scrapped 20 May 1920.

Current Status

No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Fort Levett, Cushing's Island, Cumberland County, Maine

Maps & Images

Lat: 43.63844 Long: -70.199959

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Portland, Maine, (HDPB-AN-45), 11 Apr 1945, CDSG

Links:

Visited: No



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