Battery Crenshaw (1900-1920) - Battery Crenshaw was constructed at Fort Columbia between April of 1899 and June of 1900, with the third emplacement being completed in October of 1900. The first and second emplacements were transferred to service on June 28, 1900, and the third emplacement on Oct. 29, 1900, for a total cost of $15,462.51. Battery Crenshaw was named after Captain Frank F. Crenshaw, who died 5 Jun 1900, of wounds, received in action at the Philippines during the Spanish American War. Battery deactivated in 1920.
Endicott Period (1890-1910)
Part of the Harbor Defense of the Columbia.
A concrete Endicott Period battery that, along with Battery Smur, protected the Columbia River Minefield between Fort Columbia and Fort Stevens. The battery was armed with three 3-inch rapid fire rifles that sat on Masking Parapet mounts. The battery was active for only eighteen years.
World War I (1917-1918)
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. Battery Crenshaw was unaffected by the World War I redistribution but was caught up in the following 1920 disarmament program that saw all of the M1898 gun batteries deactivated and disarmed. The battery was deactivated in 1920 and the guns were transferred back to Watervliet in June 1920. The carriages were ordered scrapped on 20 May 1920.
The battery is in excellent condition. The collars and pedestal mounts still remain. No period guns or mounts in place.
Visited: 22 Mar 2008, 16 Feb 2008