Battery Clark

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Battery Clark (1899-1942) - Battery Clark was built at Fort Stevens between Aug 1897 and Nov 1898 and was transferred for service 17 Jan 1899. Battery Clark was named for Capt. William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

Battery Clark Left Mortar Pit Firing Station 18 May 2008
Battery Clark Right Mortar Pit 18 May 2008


Battery Clark History

Part of the Harbor Defense of the Columbia.

A concrete Endicott Period mortar battery facing the mouth of the Columbia River. Originally armed with eight, 12" M1890MI mortars on M1896MI carriages, four in each of two mortar pits. Four of the mortars were removed (two from each pit) to Battery Guenther at Fort Canby on the other side of the Columbia River when it became apparent that firing four mortars in a single pit was difficult and dangerous. Each pair of mortars required about 30 men to operate and space was limited in the mortar pits. In 1917 the four mortars were removed and shipped to Battery Guenther. The result of the redistribution was better coverage of the mouth of the Columbia and more efficient operation and about the same rate of fire.

Battery Clark Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
A-1 12" Mortar 129.25" M1890MI 32 Builders Mortar, M1896MI, #121, Am. Hoist & D. Co. 1899-1942
A-2 12" Mortar 129.25" M1890MI 29 Builders Mortar, M1896MI, #124, Am. Hoist & D. Co. 1899-1917 To Battery Guenther 1917
A-3 12" Mortar 129.25" M1890MI 50 Watertown Mortar, M1896MI, #122, Am. Hoist & D. Co. 1899-1942
A-4 12" Mortar 129.25" M1890MI 35 Builders Mortar, M1896MI, #123, Am. Hoist & D. Co. 1899-1917 To Battery Guenther 1917
B-1 12" Mortar 129.25" M1890MI 51 Watertown Mortar, M1896MI, #237, Am. Hoist & D. Co. 1899-1942
B-2 12" Mortar 129.25" M1890MI 48 Watervliet Mortar, M1896MI, #119, Am. Hoist & D. Co. 1899-1917 To Battery Guenther 1917
B-3 12" Mortar 129.25" M1890MI 34 Watertown Mortar, M1896MI, #133, Am. Hoist & D. Co. 1899-1942
B-4 12" Mortar 129.25" M1890MI 52 Watervliet Mortar, M1896MI, #120, Am. Hoist & D. Co. 1899-1917 To Battery Guenther 1917
Source: Coast Defense Study Group

Current Status

Battery Clark is in good condition and open to the public. All of the mortars and carriages are missing.


Location: On Fort Stevens, Oregon

Maps & Images

Lat: 46.2035 Long: -123.965328

Sources:

Links:


Visited: 18 May 2008

Battery Clark Picture Gallery

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