Battery Campbell

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Battery Campbell (1905-1933) - Battery Henry Campbell was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 3 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Terry, Plum Island, Suffolk County, New York. The battery was named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, after Bvt. Capt. Henry M. Campbell, U.S. Army (2nd Lt., Corps of Artillery), who was wounded in action at Lundys Lane, Canada, 25 Jul 1814, and who died 12 May 18??. Battery construction started in July 1903, was completed in Jul 1905 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 28 Aug 1905 at a cost of $ 16,686.50. Deactivated in 1933.

Endicott Period

Part of the Harbor Defense of Long Island Sound.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 3" M1903 guns mounted on M1903 Pedestal mount carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns on the upper level and the magazines on the lower level. Shells were moved from the magazine level to the gun loading platform by hand. No shell or powder hoists provided. Electrical power was furnished by the emplacement power plant in Battery Stoneman.

Both guns were mounted on 7 Aug 1909.


Battery Campbell Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 3" Rifle 170" M1903 58 Watervliet Pedestal mount,
M1903, #84, Detrick & Harvey
1909-1933 See note 1
2 3" Rifle 170" M1903 28 Watervliet Pedestal mount,
M1903, #83, Detrick & Harvey
1909-1933 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 Nov 1926, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 74-75, 206
Note 1: CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Campbell Plan


World War I

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Campbell were not affected by the World War I redistribution or the following 1920 disarmament program.

Both guns were dismounted and transferred to Fort Mills in the Philippine Islands on 12 Oct 1933.

Current Status

Now on Plum Island Animal Disease Center (PIADC) operated by U.S. DHS. No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Plum Island, Suffolk County, New York

Maps & Images

Lat: 41.18972 Long: -72.161722

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Long Island Sound, (HDLIS-AN-45), 15 Feb 1945, CDSG

Links:

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