Battery Abbot

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Battery Abbot (1909-1946) - Battery Abbot was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 3 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Lyon (1), Cumberland County, Maine. The battery was named in G.O. 78, 25 May 1903, after 1st Lt. Edward S. Abbot, 17th U.S. Infantry, who died 8 Jul 1863, of wounds received at the battle of Gettysburg, Pensylvania, during the U.S. Civil War. Battery construction was completed and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 29 Jan 1909 at a cost of $ 19,675.00. Deactivated in 1946.

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of Portland, Maine.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with three 3" M1903 guns mounted on M1903 Pedestal carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns located on the upper level and the magazines below. Shells were moved from the magazine level to the gun loading platform by hand. No shell or powder hoists were provided.

Battery Abbot Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 3" Rifle 170" M1903 20 Watervliet Pedestal, M1903, #28, American & British 1909-1946 See note 1
2 3" Rifle 170" M1903 40 Watervliet Pedestal, M1903, #26, American & British 1909-1946 See note 1
3 3" Rifle 170" M1903 51 Watervliet Pedestal, M1903, #27, American & British 1909-1946 See note 1
Source: RCB, 31 Dec 1910, 31 Dec 1916, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 74-75
Note 1: Guns and carriages obsolete 18 Oct 1945, ordered scrapped 23 May 1946. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Abbot Plan


World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Abbot were not affected by the World War I redistribution or the following 1920 disarmament program.

World War II (1941-1945)

Battery Abbot was a part of the Harbor Defenses of Portland plan throughout World War II. The battery was declared surplus 18 Oct 1945. The guns and carriages were processed for salvage on 23 May 1946.

Current Status

No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Fort Lyon (1), Cumberland County, Maine

Maps & Images

Lat: 43.691085 Long: -70.18675

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Portland, Maine, (HDPB-AN-45), 11 Apr 1945, CDSG

Links:

Visited: No



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