Battery AMTB 23 - Parrott

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Battery AMTB 23 - Parrott (1943-1946) - Battery AMTB 23 Parrott was a World War II rapid fire AMTB 90mm gun battery built into Battery Parrott on Fort Monroe, Virginia. Battery construction started on 1 Jun 1943, was completed on 8 Aug 1943 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 1 Nov 1943 at a cost of $ 17,289.00. Deactivated in 1946.

Battery AMTB 23 - Parrott History

Part of the Harbor Defense of Chesapeake Bay.
The AMTB battery at Battery Parrott consisted of two 90mm gun mounted on 90mm M3 gun mounts. Concrete pads for both these guns were laid on top of the existing gun emplacements of Battery Parrott The battery had a dual mission of defense against fast enemy motor torpedo boats and enemy aircraft. The effective range of the guns was about 8,000 yards. Each weapon required a crew of 15, 9 men in the gun squad and 6 men in the ammunition squad.


AMTB Front View
AMTB Interior View
AMTB Side View
AMTB Back View

The above photos were taken at Fort Monroe, Battery Parrott

From FM 4-91: "This weapon consists of the 90-mm gun M1 and top carriage M1A1 on the 90-mm gun mount M3. The mount M3 is of the turret type, the shielding being constructed of boiler plates. This boiler plate shield provide fragmentation protection only. No shielding is provided at the rear due to the requirements for service of the piece. A sighting port in the shielding in front permits sighting in direction by the gun pointer."

References:

  • FM 4-91 - 90-MM Gun, Fixed Mount Service of the Piece
  • FM 4-126 - Antiaircraft Artillery, Service of the Piece, 90-mm Antiaircraft Gun
  • TM 9-373 - 90-mm Gun M1 and 90-mm Gun Mount T3 (M3)


Battery AMTB 23 Parrott Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 90mm Rifle 186.15" M1 1442 Wheland Pedestal Mount, T3, #29, GM 1943-1946
2 90mm Rifle 186.15" M1 6913 GM Pedestal Mount, T3, #102, GM 1943-1946
M 90mm Rifle 186.15" M1 5842 Watervliet Mobile M1A1, #2717, Y? & L 1943-1946
M 90mm Rifle 186.15" M1 7305 Watervliet Mobile M1A1, #4528, WP & MC 1943-1946
Source:
1. RCW Form 1, 1 Nov 1943.
2. Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 80-81.
3. NARA RG165, E257 Box 68 - Bolling Smith.
Battery AMTB 23 Parrott Plan


Current Status

One AMTB gun and carriage is in place.


Location: Fort Monroe, Virginia

Maps & Images

Lat: 37.0020643 Long: -76.3048527

Sources:

Links:

Visited: 22 Jul 2010


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