Battery AMTB - Terminal Island

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Battery AMTB - Terminal Island (1943-1946) - Battery AMTB - Terminal Island was a World War II 90mm gun battery on Terminal Island near Fort MacArthur, Los Angeles County, California. AMTB denotes an Anti Motor Torpedo Boat battery. Battery construction started in June 1943, was completed in September 1943 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use on 4 May 1944. Deactivated in 1946.

90mm AMTB Gun on M3 Mount, image courtesy Fort MacArthur Museum

Battery AMTB - Terminal Island History

Part of the Harbor Defense of Los Angeles.

Four Anti Motor Torpedo Boat (AMTB) batteries were built for the Harbor Defense of Los Angeles during World War II under Job No. FS-8 at a total cost of $76,576.03. All four batteries were constructed between June 1943 and October 1943 and all four were accepted for service on 4 May 1944.

Each of the four batteries consisted of two fixed gun emplacements of 90mm M1 guns on M3 pedestal mounts with a heavy shield. Additionally provisions were made for two temporary mobile gun positions at each of the four locations and each position had supporting structures for ammunition storage and a central power source. Two of the AMTB batteries were located on Fort MacArthur, (Battery AMTB - Navy Field & Battery AMTB - Gaffey Bulge) and the other two were located off the main reservation at Terminal Island (Battery AMTB - Terminal Island) and Bluff Park, Long Beach (Battery AMTB - Bluff Park).

The dual mission of these AMTB batteries was both to defend the harbor against smaller, faster naval vessels that might evade the larger batteries and to defend against aerial attack.


AMTB Front View
AMTB Interior View
AMTB Side View
AMTB Back View

The above photos were taken at Fort Monroe, Battery Parrott

From FM 4-91: "This weapon consists of the 90-mm gun M1 and top carriage M1A1 on the 90-mm gun mount M3. The mount M3 is of the turret type, the shielding being constructed of boiler plates. This boiler plate shield provide fragmentation protection only. No shielding is provided at the rear due to the requirements for service of the piece. A sighting port in the shielding in front permits sighting in direction by the gun pointer."

References:

  • FM 4-91 - 90-MM Gun, Fixed Mount Service of the Piece
  • FM 4-126 - Antiaircraft Artillery, Service of the Piece, 90-mm Antiaircraft Gun
  • TM 9-373 - 90-mm Gun M1 and 90-mm Gun Mount T3 (M3)


Battery AMTB - Terminal Island Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 90mm Rifle 50 Cal M1 5352 Watervliet Pedestal Mount, M3, #195, F B D 1943-1946
2 90mm Rifle 50 Cal M1 5375 General Motors Pedestal Mount, M3, #164, F B D 1943-1946
Source: RCW Part 1, 5 Dec 1944, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 80-81
Battery AMTB - Terminal Island Plan 5 Dec 1944


Current Status

Base rings still in place on a concrete pad. No guns or mounts in place.


Location: Along Nimitz Road on Terminal Island, Los Angeles County, California.

Maps & Images

Lat: 33.742076 Long: -118.225639

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project Harbor Defenses of Los Angeles, (LA-AN-WDC-44), 31 Aug 1944, CDSG

Links:

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