Battery AMTB - Lands End

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Battery AMTB - Lands End (1944-1948) - Battery AMTB - Lands End was a reinforced concrete World War II AMTB rapid fire 90mm gun battery on Fort Miley, San Francisco County, California. Battery construction started 29 Jun 1943, was completed 6 Sep 1943 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 18 Jan 1944 at a cost of $ 13,049.78. Deactivated in 1948.

Battery AMTB - Lands End Location

World War II (1941-1945)

Part of the Harbor Defense of San Francisco.

The AMTB battery at Lands End consisted of two 90mm guns mounted on 90mm M3 fixed gun mounts and two 90mm guns mounted on 90mm M1A1 mobile gun mounts. Concrete pads were provided for both fixed guns and often wooden gun platforms were provided for the mobile guns. Electric power was provided by M-7 portable generators.

The battery had a dual mission of defense against fast enemy motor torpedo boats and enemy aircraft. The effective range of the guns was about 8,000 yards or 4.5 miles. Each weapon required a crew of 15, 9 men in the gun squad and 6 men in the ammunition squad.


AMTB Front View
AMTB Interior View
AMTB Side View
AMTB Back View

The above photos were taken at Fort Monroe, Battery Parrott

From FM 4-91: "This weapon consists of the 90-mm gun M1 and top carriage M1A1 on the 90-mm gun mount M3. The mount M3 is of the turret type, the shielding being constructed of boiler plates. This boiler plate shield provide fragmentation protection only. No shielding is provided at the rear due to the requirements for service of the piece. A sighting port in the shielding in front permits sighting in direction by the gun pointer."

References:

  • FM 4-91 - 90-MM Gun, Fixed Mount Service of the Piece
  • FM 4-126 - Antiaircraft Artillery, Service of the Piece, 90-mm Antiaircraft Gun
  • TM 9-373 - 90-mm Gun M1 and 90-mm Gun Mount T3 (M3)


Battery AMTB - Lands End Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 90mm Rifle 186.15" M1 7083 General Motors Fixed Pedestal, M3, #T3-228, Fisher 1943-1946
2 90mm Rifle 186.15" M1 7189 General Motors Fixed Pedestal, M3, #T3-239, Fisher 1943-1946
Source:
1. RCW Form 1, Oct 1943
2. CDSG
3. Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 80-81, 217.
4. Armament Data - Harbor Defenses of San Francisco, undated, NARA RG165, E257 Box 68 - Bolling Smith.
Battery AMTB - Lands End Plan


Current Status

Part of the Golden Gate Recreation Area (GGNRA) administered by the National Park Service. Fixed gun pads visible from above but no period gun or mounts in place.


Location: Fort Miley, San Francisco County, California.

Maps & Images

Lat: 37.787946 Long: -122.505729

Sources:

Links:

Visited: 23 Aug 2011

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