Battery 155 - St Andrews Sound

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Battery 155 - St Andrews Sound (1943-1944) - Battery 155 - St Andrews Sound was a temporary, World War II, 155mm coastal gun battery on Panama mounts. Located on St Andrews Military Reservation, Bay County, Florida. Battery construction was completed in the summer of 1943. Deactivated in 1944.

Battery 155 - St Andrews Sound, Panama Mount #2 Center
Battery 155 - St Andrews Sound, Panama Mount Ring Remains
Battery 155 - St Andrews Sound, Panama Mount #2 Under an Enclosure

World War II

Part of the Temporary Harbor Defense of Panama City, Florida.

View of Panama Mount #2 from the Approximate location of Panama Mount #1

Originally built as a temporary World War II coastal gun battery with two 155mm M1918M1 rapid fire guns mounted on M1918 Mobile high speed carriages emplaced on circular Panama mounts.

The guns for this battery were first set up in field positions on the west side of the pass into St Andrews Sound. In the summer of 1943 two 360 degree Panama mounts were constructed atop sand hills near the west jetty. A small cantonment with temporary prefab 6 man hutments was built along with several temporary frame WWII support buildings. One platoon of Battery C of the 13th Coast Artillery, consisting of about 50 men, manned the battery for only about 9 months before the Temporary Harbor Defense of Panama City was deactivated on 14 Jan 1944. The personnel and guns were removed to Fort Pickens and a small caretaking detachment remained to protect the government's fixed assets.

155mm M1918 Gun at Fort Morgan
Panama Mount at Fort Pickens


Battery 155 - St Andrews Sound Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 155mm Rifle 240" M1918 M1 789 ? Mobile, M1918, #, ? 1943-1944
2 155mm Rifle 240" M1918 M1 831 ? Mobile, M1918, #, ? 1943-1944
Source: CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 190-191


Current Status

Part of St. Andrews State Park, Bay County, Florida. One circular Panama mount remains under an enclosure. The second Panama mount was exposed by a hurricane several years ago but is covered now. No period guns or carriages in place.


Location: St. Andrews State Park, Bay County, Florida.

Maps & Images

Lat: 30.12405 Long: -85.73357

Sources:

  • Gaines, William, Temporary Harbor Defenses in the Southern Defense Command: 1942-1944, The Coast Defense Journal, Vol 16 Issue 1, page 4-38

Links:

Visited: 13 Jan 2012



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