Presidio of San Bernardino

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Presidio of San Bernardino (1776-1780) - A Spanish presidio established in 1776 by established in 1776 by Irish mercenary, Hugh O'Conor in present day Cochise County, Arizona. Abandoned in 1780. Also known as Presidio de San Bernardino de Terrenate, Fort San Bernardino and Camp San Berdardino Springs.

Presidio of San Bernardino History

A Spanish Presidio established in 1776 by Irish mercenary, Hugh O'Conor, as part of a network of presidios and missions in present day southern Arizona. These presidios were under constant attack from hostile Apache Indians and were unable to adequately protect themselves much less build and protect any surrounding missions. The southern Arizona presidios included:

The post was abandoned by 1780.

Current Status

East of Douglas in Cochise County, Arizona

Location: 16 miles east of Douglas in Cochise County, Arizona. On the west side of the San Bernardino River. Map point is approximate. San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge.

Maps & Images

Lat: 31.3458 Long: -109.2650


  • Moorhead, Max L., The Presidio: Bastion of the Spanish Borderlands, University of Oklahoma Press, Mar 15, 1991 - 304 pages, page 71


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