Presidio of San Bernardino
Presidio of San Bernardino (1776-1780) - A Spanish presidio established in 1776 by Irish mercenary, Hugh O'Conor in present day Sonora, Mexico. Abandoned in 1780. Also later located nearby Camp San Bernardino Ranch and Camp San Berdardino Springs in Cochise County, Arizona.
A Spanish Presidio established in 1776 by Irish mercenary, Hugh O'Conor, as part of a network of presidios and missions in present day southern Arizona and northern Sonora, Mexico. These presidios were under constant attack from hostile Apache Indians and were unable to adequately protect themselves much less build and protect any surrounding missions. The southern Arizona presidios included:
The post was abandoned by 1780.
Sixteen miles east of Douglas on the Sonora, Mexico side of the border.