Ozona Air Force Station

From FortWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Ozona Air Force Station (1957-1963) - A Cold War Air Force Radar Station first established in 1957 near Ozona, Crockett County, Texas. Named Ozona Air Force Station after the location. Initially assigned a Permanent ID of TM-187. Abandoned in 1963.

Ozona Air Force Station Dining Hall.
Ozona Air Force Station GATR Site.
Ozona Air Force Station Recreation Hall. Housed a Basketball Court, BX/Snack Bar and a Two Lane Bowling Alley.

History

Ozona AFS Enlisted Barracks.

Established in 1957 and became operational in 1959 as Ozona Air Force Station manned by the 732nd AC&W Squadron. The station initially had both a Ground-Control Intercept (GCI) and early warning mission. The early warning mission involved tracking and identifying all aircraft entering their airspace while the GCI mission involved guiding Air Force interceptors to any identified enemy aircraft. Controllers at the station vectored fighter aircraft at the correct course and speed to intercept enemy aircraft using voice commands via ground-to-air radio.

Initial equipment included the FPS-3 search radar and an FPS-6 height-finder radar.


Gap Fillers

Ozona AFS was responsible for the maintenance of two remote unattended gap filler radar sites. The unattended gap filler sites were placed in locations where the main search radar lacked coverage. These sites were equipped with short range FPS-14 or FPS-18 search radars and FST-1 Coordinate Data transmitters that sent digitized radar target data to a SAGE direction center and to the main radar site. Both the radar set and the FST-1 were dual channel to increase site up time. Maintenance teams were dispatched for regularly scheduled maintenance or when fault indicators on the FSW-1 remote monitoring equipment suggested the site had problems. The FSW-1 also allowed remote operation of specific functions such as channel changes for the radar and for the FST-1, it also allowed remote operation of the diesel generators at the gap filler site. The Ozona AFS gap filler radars were located at McCamey and Comstock, Texas.

Ozona AFS Gap Filler Radar Sites (edit list)
ADC NORAD Location State Type From To GPS Notes
TM-187A McCamey TX FPS-18, FST-1 1961-10 1963-06 30.90247,
-102.07823
Building still exists
TM-187B Comstock TX FPS-18, FST-1 1960-02 1963-06 29.85823,
-101.16195
Building still exists

Closure

Ozona AFS and the 732nd were deactivated on 1 Aug 1963. The equipment was removed and the property was sold at public auction by the GSA in January 1965.

Physical Plant

Ozona AFS Motor Pool Building.

The physical plant of the site was divided into the main site, a cantonment area, a housing area and a radio site. The main site housed the operations buildings, the radar towers, and the backup generators. The cantonment area housed the enlisted barracks, the bachelor officer's quarters, the orderly room, the dining hall, the motor pool and other support buildings. Apart from the main site was a small 27 unit housing area for married personnel.

A separate Ground to Air Transmitter/Receiver (GATR) radio site housed the radio equipment for directing aircraft intercepts.



Ozona AFS Major Equipment List
Search Radar HF Radar Data Systems
Unit Designations
  • 732nd Aircraft Control & Warning (AC&W) Squadron (1956-1963)
732nd Assignments
  • 8 Nov 1956 - Activated at Oklahoma City AFS, OK, as the 33rd Air Division.
  • 25 Jul 1957 - Moved to Ozona AFS, TX.
  • 1 Jan 1960 - Transferred to Albuquerque ADS.
  • 15 Sep 1960 - Transferred to Oklahoma - City ADS.
  • 1 Sep 1961 - Transferred to 4752nd Air Defense Wing.
  • 25 Jun 1963 - Transferred to Oklahoma City ADS.
  • 1 Aug 1963 - Discontinued.


Current Status

The operations area buildings were demolished circa 2005 and replaced with industrial buildings. The front portion of the cantonment area is in private hands and access is restricted. The rear portion of the cantonment area (including the barracks, dining hall, supply, rec hall and radio site) is owned by the Boy Scouts of America but is unoccupied and deteriorating. The housing area is in private hands and is now known as Crockett Heights.


Location: Along Interstate 10, 6 miles east of Ozona in Crockett County, Texas.

Maps & Images

Lat: 30.70417 Long: -101.11667

See Also:

Sources:

  • Cornett, Lloyd H. & Johnson, Mildred W., A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization (1946-1980), Office of History ADC, Peterson AFB, Colorado, 31 Dec 1980, 179 pages, Pdf, page 100.
  • Winkler, David F., Searching the skies: the legacy of the United States Cold War defense radar program, USAF Hq Air Combat Command, 1997, 192 pages, Pdf, page 157.
  • USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Database Entry: 2089745


Links:

Visited: 26 Nov 2017


Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
content
Share
Google AdSense
Toolbox