Fort Wayne (2)
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Fort Wayne (2) (1843-1949) - First established in 1843 as a Northern Frontier Fort in Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan. Named after General Anthony Wayne, Revolutionary War General and hero. Transferred to the City of Detroit in 1949.
Construction began in 1843 under the supervision of Lt. Montgomery C. Meigs. The fortification was a star shaped Vauban style structure originally built with cedar faced earthen walls. The cedar facing was later replaced with brick and concrete. Among the buildings inside the walls were a three story limestone enlisted barracks, officer housing and a powder magazine. Initial construction on the fort was completed in 1851 at a cost $150,000.
After completion the fort was placed on caretaker status with a single caretaker watching the fort.
U.S. Civil War (1861-1865)
The U.S. Civil War reactivated Fort Wayne and initiated more construction. The post served as a recruiting depot and processing center for Union recruits and as a recuperation center for returning veterans. Additional construction continued until the post closed.
In the period following the U.S. Civil War the post became a replacement garrison for units rotating west to the Indian Wars. In 1898, during the Spanish-American War, the post served as a mustering point for troops headed for Cuba and the Philippines.
World War I (1917-1918)
During World War I Fort Wayne began to serve as an acquisition center for military motor vechicles and parts. The Army had not yet motorized and was essentially still horse drawn but by the end of the war the process of conversion was well under way.
World War II (1941-1945)
Fort Wayne continued to serve as a training and logistics center throughout World War II. In May 1949, title to the post was transferred to the City of Detroit with a stipulation that it would remain a historical monument.
Restored. Original buildings remaining include the 1848 limestone barracks (with later brick additions) and the 1845 star fortification with the brick facing. Operated by Detroit Recreation Department, assisted by the Friends of Fort Wayne, the Historic Fort Wayne Coalition, and the Detroit Historical Society.
Location: Detroit City, Wayne County, Michigan.
Maps & Images Lat: 42.2994827 Long: -83.0960332
- Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1988, 10th printing, ISBN 0-02-926880-X, page 424
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