Fort Sanders (2)
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Fort Sanders (2) (1863-1864) - A U.S. Army post established as Fort Buckner in 1863 during the U.S. Civil War in Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee. Renamed for Union Brigadier General William P. Sanders (Cullum 1751) who was killed in the Battle of Fort Sanders, 18 Nov 1863. Abandoned in 1864.
Fort Sanders (2) History
Fort Sanders was an earthworks fortification built by Union forces in the defense of Knoxville, Tennessee, during the U.S. Civil War. It was part of an earthworks defense that surrounded Knoxville on three sides with the fourth side protected by the Tennessee River (then called the Holston River).
The fort was constructed on high ground at the northwest corner of the city. The earthwork rose 70 feet above the surrounding ground and the defenses included a 12 foot wide ditch that was 8 feet deep. A steep wall rose 15 feet above the ditch to the top of the fort. The fort was armed with 12 cannons and a garrison of some 440 men from the 79th New York Volunteer Infantry.
In November 1863 Confederate forces under General James Longstreet laid siege to Knoxville and planned an attack on the fort in an effort to break through the defenses. The attack took place on 23 Nov 1863 without a supporting bombardment of the fort and without the element of surprise. The attacking Confederates also misjudged the depth of the ditch and the slope of the wall and did not provide scaling ladders for the attacking force. As seen in the picture above, the defenders also strung telegraph wire between stumps on the approaches to the fort. The wire entangled the attackers, slowing them down and preventing timely troop maneuvers. The attack was a disaster for the Confederate attackers and General Longstreet call off the attack after about 20 minutes. The confederate attackers suffered 813 casualties and the Union defenders suffered only 13.
General Longstreet withdrew from Knoxville on 4 Dec 1863 and Knoxville remained under Union control for the remainder of the war.
No remains in Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee.
USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Database Entry:
- Name: Fort Sanders Type: Historical Class: Military ID: 1680960
- Location: Knox County, Tennessee, US, FIPS Code: 47093
- Latitude: 35.9588889, Longitude: -83.9338889, Elevation: 988 Map: Knoxville
- As Of: 01 Sep 1990
- Source: U.S. Board on Geographic Names
Location: Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee.
Maps & Images
Lat: 35.9591635 Long: -83.9318562
- Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1988, 10th printing, ISBN 0-02-926880-X, page 746
- North American Forts - Fort Sanders
- University of Tennessee - The Civil War in Knoxville
- Battle of Fort Sanders Wikipedia - Battle of Fort Sanders
Fort Sanders (2) Picture Gallery
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